What is Parkinson's?

What Does Parkinson's Mean

Parkinson is a fairly common surname in English-speaking countries . Anyway, it is usually associated specifically with James Parkinson , a British physician born in 1755 and died in 1824 .

It was this medical expert who first discovered and described shaking paralysis . This disease, over the decades, became known as Parkinson's disease or Parkinson's disease .
The disorder is often referred to simply as Parkinson's . In our language it can be written as Parkinson's , in lowercase and with an accent in the A , as accepted by the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ).

Parkinson's, in short, is a neurological disorder that usually affects the elderly . People with Parkinson's experience rhythmic tremor in their limbs, suffer from muscle stiffness and weakness, and are unable to perform voluntary movements with the usual speed and agility.
Over time , the effects of Parkinson's intensify. This is because the pigmented neurons of the substantia nigra are progressively destroyed.
In addition to the motor consequences, the disease also has other manifestations. Parkinson's can cause cognitive problems , depression , sleep disorders , and damage to the sense of smell .
It is important to note that the diagnosis of Parkinson's is clinical: there are no biological markers that can be detected through laboratory studies or other analyzes. Regarding its treatment , it aims to extend the functionality of the individual as much as possible.
The supply of drugs to face the dopamine deficit and other shortcomings; magnetic and electrical stimulation of the brain; implantation of a device to send electrical impulses to points in the brain; and physical and language exercises can be part of Parkinson's therapy.
Although there are certain symptoms and signs that are generally associated with Parkinson's disease, some of which are indicated in the previous paragraphs, it is important to note that the picture may be relatively different for each person. If the first to appear have a mild intensity, it is common for them to go unnoticed, delaying the diagnosis .
It is not uncommon for symptoms to appear first on only one side of the body and to worsen there more than on the other side over time. Let's see below some of the most common symptoms , with a detailed explanation of their characteristics:

* tremors : it is perhaps the best known of all, in part because of the exposure that some famous people have given to Parkinson's disease in interviews and documentaries. It usually begins in the hands or fingers, and can take place in a resting state. Sometimes it is a jerk, other times a rubbing of the thumb and forefinger as if the patient were holding a small object (this tremor is known as a "pill roll");
* bradykinesia : also known by the name of slow movement . One of the most terrible consequences of Parkinson's is the slowing down of movement, something that results in increasing difficulty in performing daily tasks, those that the patient did automatically and effortlessly before the disease . Getting up from a seat and walking can become real challenges;
* muscle stiffness : this symptom of Parkinson's can occur in any region of the body, limiting movement and causing considerable pain;
* lack of balance and posture problems : can be seen by means of the bent of the back and the difficulty to stand up;
* Disappearance of some automatic movements : those unconscious movements , such as smiling, swinging the arms when walking or even blinking, can begin to disappear with the progression of the disease.

Go up