What is paraplegia?

What Does paraplegia Mean

A Greek term derived in Latin paraplegia , and this in a concept that, in our language , can be written and pronounced in two ways: paraplegia or paraplegia . The notion is used to name what a person suffers when the lower region of their body is paralyzed by some type of damage.

Such paralysis can be caused by inherited or acquired disease, a spinal cord injury, or a tumor. For example: "The singer suffers from paraplegia since he crashed with his plane" , "Having paraplegia does not prevent him from developing sports activities" , "The man hit by the drunk driver was left with paraplegia" .

Paraplegia can be caused by trauma . A bullet, a traffic accident or a fall from a considerable height are situations that can damage the spinal cord, either compressing or sectioning it. The problem in the marrow can also be caused by the growth of a tumor that compresses it.
People with multiple sclerosis or transverse myelitis can also become paraplegic. Due to this state, individuals experience great mobility problems (they usually have to use a wheelchair) and may suffer from intestinal disorders, incontinence and impotence.
Paraplegia, on the other hand, can cause side effects on health , such as pneumonia or thrombosis. This is due to the inability to move normally, which atrophies the body. To minimize the possibility of these effects appearing, physical therapy is a good alternative.
The pornographic editor Larry Flint and the musician Herbert Vianna are two personalities who suffer from paraplegia. Many paraplegic athletes, on the other hand, are famous for their achievements at the Paralympic Games.
Hereditary spastic paraplegia
Hereditary spastic paraplegia is a group of genetic degenerative disorders that affect the spinal cord. It is characterized by causing great stiffness and excessive muscle tone in the legs, as well as by overloading your muscles.
To diagnose hereditary spastic paraplegia, it is necessary first to carefully examine the family and personal history, in addition to performing a complete physical examination and assessing any findings that may be related to the symptoms generally associated with these diseases: reduced vibratory sensation of the feet; Difficulty dorsiflexing the foot (rotation of the foot bringing the toes closer to the shin); feeling of weakness; spasticity (spasms that manifest muscle hypertonia) and stiffness in the legs; difficulties walking and moving the hips.

In addition to these procedures, it is also possible to carry out complementary tests, such as DNA analysis, for which a blood draw is necessary . It should be mentioned that this last practice is not generalized, since certain genetic mutations make the detection of the disease difficult in some families. There are diseases with similar symptoms, and therefore the most recommended path includes several complementary tests to be able to define the picture with precision and begin to act appropriately.
With regard to the treatment of hereditary spastic paraplegia, medicine tends to rely mainly on physiotherapy, always maintaining frequent control of the symptoms . Unfortunately, there is no way to stop or alter the modification of these disorders; however, treatment with baclofen, a medication that relaxes skeletal muscles, tends to work very well against spasticity.
Other drugs used in these cases are: diazepam, one of the best known types of benzodiazepine (a psychotropic drug); dantrolene (helps relax muscles); carrflex (acts against muscle spasms). It should be noted that people with difficulty controlling the urinary bladder suffer from spasticity in this organ, and to avoid this complication, doctors usually administer oxybutinin (a muscle relaxant).

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