What is paranoia?

What Does paranoia Mean

Paranoia is a term that comes from the Greek and refers to a mental disorder fixed on an idea .

Specifically, we can establish that this word is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited Greek words. On the one hand, there would be the prefix for -, which can be translated as "outside", and on the other hand we find the term nous , which acts as a synonym for mind.
The concept is used in psychiatry to name the state of mental health that is characterized by the existence of self-referring delusions .
Paranoia can become a chronic disorder , with oscillating levels of intensity. The egotistical, narcissistic and low self-esteem subjects are the main affected by this disorder .

Among the most characteristic features that identify those who suffer from paranoia we find low self-esteem, emotional coldness, inability to self-criticize, hostility to the environment, authoritarianism, depressive episodes, resentment, self-centeredness and a significant degree of distrust.
In addition to all the above, we must not overlook the fact that paranoia is a gradual disease that progresses very slowly. Therefore, you have to be attentive to the symptoms to be able to treat it as soon as possible.
When feeling some kind of frustration, the paranoid tend to resort to the projection mechanism; therefore, they attribute their tensions and fantasies to others. This type of thinking does not accept reasons other than its own, but, due to its rigidity, limits itself to interpreting signs that allow it to confirm its prejudices .
The persecution is one of the distressing sensations that affect people with paranoia. These individuals feel that they are being pursued and stalked by powerful or uncontrollable forces. This is why they tend to be defensive, look in all directions, and feel insecure even in everyday situations.
The megalomania is also part of paranoia. In this case, the subject believes they have been chosen to carry out a very important mission or even to save the world from some undefined danger.
Other types of delusions common in paranoia are erotomania (when the individual believes that another person, usually of a higher status, is in love with him), uncontrolled jealousy (the belief that the partner is being unfaithful) and somatic delusions (the person feels that they have some disease or physical defect that, in reality, is non-existent).
It is interesting that we know the existence of what is known as paranoid personality disorder, which is the one that those people have who at all times distrust and feel suspicious of others. More common in men than in women is this mental health problem of which the causes that originate it are unknown but in which it is known that environmental factors of different types up to the genes clearly influence.

Feeling that they feel in danger and suffering a limited social life are two of the consequences suffered by citizens who suffer from this aforementioned pathology, which has among its most frequent symptoms the following: hostility, detachment, inability to work together with other people , continuous thought that they are used by others ...

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