What is ostracism?

What Does ostracism Mean

The ostracism is not to participate, either by choice or by an external imposition of public life. The concept comes from the Greek language, when ostracism was a political punishment that consisted of banishing an individual from his community after a vote in an assembly.

The person ostracized in this way had just ten days to leave the city, with a decade-long return ban. Historians maintain, however, that many times this penalty was finally reduced and the punished could return before the deadline expired.
Ostracism was justified as a decision that benefited the community in general, keeping away from a locality those people who, for one reason or another, were harmful .

At present, the notion of ostracism is used in the field of politics with reference to those who are subjected to a vacuum that manifests itself in their exclusion from participating in events, meetings, etc. For example: "The deputy has suffered ostracism since the president reprimanded him in a public act" , "The Secretary of Commerce came out of his ostracism by participating in a meeting with agricultural producers . "
The idea of ​​ostracism, however, is more frequent to name the person who decides not to go out on the street or not to attend public performances . This decision may be due to an excess of shyness , an antisocial character or, in the case of celebrities, to avoid being annoyed by people: “After winning the award, I opted for ostracism since I did not feel comfortable with the fame ” .
Ostracism in response to rejection
This last meaning of the concept is also used in the field of psychology to refer to those people who due to emotional problems cannot or do not want to face contact with others. Generally these people have suffered rejection of some kind and this leads them to seek ostracism.
Rejection by a relative when we are very young leaves us with a wound that time does not heal.
The consequence of this rejection is comparable to what it produces in us physical pain; activating even the same brain region . This makes it clear that the pain we feel is real, not just metaphysical. Therefore, our brain responds in the same way. When we burn, every time our painful area touches something that causes physical pain in us, we immediately move the arm away to prevent it from continuing to hurt; We do the same with the pain that rejection causes in us. If we have felt unloved or unloved, we try to protect ourselves from future harm by distancing ourselves from human contact.

It is important to mention that social rejection is directly linked to death ; in primitive communities those individuals who were rejected knew that outside the group the chances of survival were almost nil. According to it is believed, when we feel rejection that sensation of irrevocable loss, of death, is activated in our memory.
Rejection deprives us of something that all humans need: group membership . For this reason, when we can reconcile with people who have rejected us or when we establish new ties, the emotional pain that we felt disappears, or is alleviated.
But the most important thing to note is that rejection usually generates antisocial behaviors in people (opposite to those promoted by nature itself). And this is one of the most negative effects of this pain in the life of an individual because it leads him to withdraw and take refuge in a solitude that is not satisfactory. The consequences of this ostracism can range from neglect and sadness to the need to turn that pain into addictions or other harmful behaviors, and can even end with suicide .

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