What is organized crime?

What Does organized crime Mean

Delinquency (from the Latin delinquentia ) is the quality of delinquent (a person who commits crimes and, therefore, violates the law ). The term is also used to name the set of subjects who commit crimes and maintain conduct contrary to the law .

The adjective organized or organized , meanwhile, is linked to an organization (the system designed to achieve certain objectives and goals). Therefore, it denotes an orientation towards a certain end.
What is organized crime ? It is a social group with a certain structure and with members who organize to commit criminal actions. Unlike the criminal who acts alone, the individuals who are part of an organized crime gang must respond to the structure and fulfill a certain function.

For example: "The authorities suspect that organized crime is behind the murder of these businessmen" , "In my town, organized crime has more power than the police" , "A repentant of organized crime revealed the operation of the most fearsome group of Mexico ” .
Organized crime tends to engage in more complex tasks than common robbery or theft. These organized crime groups are involved in activities such as drug or arms trafficking , trafficking in women , smuggling or counterfeiting .
It is common for these criminal organizations to be governed by a hierarchical order. The members of the lower layers must earn merit to rise and show their loyalty to the bosses.
The mafia (such as Neapolitan Camorra or Cosa Nostra of Sicily ), the gang ( Mara Salvatrucha ) and cartels ( Tijuana Cartel , Medellin Cartel ) are examples of organized crime.
Transnational organized crime
The complexity of illegal international markets is greater than ever: also known as transnational organized crime, it is a business that is based on the sale of products not covered by the Law, and that generates billions of dollars. dollars per year. Far from worrying about safety or ethical issues, these merchants move based on demand.

It is correct to affirm that most of the serious crimes of international scope, committed with clear profit motives, are part of some transnational organized gang. Some of the activities most commonly associated with this area are human, drug and arms trafficking, product adulteration, money laundering , sale of animals and, more recently, attacks on large-scale computer systems. companies.
Organized crime threatens the safety of people and animals, represents a space in which basic rights are not respected and threatens the correct cultural, economic, social , civil and political development of countries around the world. If we add corruption by certain rulers to this dangerous equation, the repercussions are truly terrifying.
One of the most worrying aspects of transnational organized crime is its ability to mutate to adapt to changing market trends , as if it were a virus that by all means avoids being targeted by natural selection. Since it does not respond to any legal or moral framework, this business does not fear drastic measures, as long as they guarantee the continuity of its profits .
In addition to drug trafficking, which exceeds all other activities in terms of economic benefits (its annual value is estimated to be around 320 billion dollars a year), human trafficking is one of the most terrible crimes , since it consists of converting individuals of all ages into products aimed at labor and sexual exploitation.

Go up