What is organic material?

What Does organic material Mean

Those who are in charge of analyzing the properties and characteristics of matter say that organic matter is formed from residues of animal or plant origin . These are substances that are usually distributed throughout the soil and that help its fertility. In fact, for a soil to be suitable for agricultural production, it must have a good level of organic matter; otherwise the plants could not grow.

Various microorganisms are responsible for decomposing raw organic matter and converting it into humus . A soil with the presence of humus does not lose nutrients, has a high water retention capacity and contributes to improving biological, chemical and physical conditions.

It is interesting to mention that organic matter is one of the most abundant components of household waste. The remains of food , fruit rinds, leaves are collected from the garden and dirty diapers, for example, they are composed of organic matter.
One way to take advantage of this waste is to reserve the organic matter to fertilize the house plants. Of course, for this purpose, it is essential that there is no type of contamination.
The organic compounds (also known as organic molecules ) are, moreover, assemblies formed by a series of chemical substances where the presence of carbon and in some cases, warns oxygen , nitrogen and phosphorus, to name some of the possible elements .
These organic compounds can be divided into two main types: natural organic molecules (where living beings are in charge of carrying out the synthesis process) and artificial ones (where substances that have been manufactured by man are grouped, such as plastic).
In general, the difference between organic and inorganic compounds is given by the presence of carbon with hydrogen bonds in the first group.
Ecological farms and recycling of organic matter
The rise of organic farms, in recent years, has helped to disseminate the importance of recycling organic matter and taking advantage of it in crops. In most establishments where food is produced in a climate of respect for the environment , the remains of waste from living beings are used to make compost, which will later serve to reinforce the characteristics of the land.
It is necessary to bear in mind that this type of use can not only occur in large establishments, but also in private homes. The steps to follow to handle waste from organic matter are:

1) Accumulate the remains of products derived from living beings in a space clean of other impurities such as plastics, glass or inorganic matter of any kind. It is important not to mix food scraps with fat or oil and meat scraps, because they take a long time to decompose;
2) Allocate a bucket with a lid , which has a minimum capacity of 1m3, and place it in an area of ​​the garden where it has sun and shade throughout the day;
3) Place a 6cm layer of soil or sawdust at the bottom of the bucket;
4) Spread organic waste , cover it with a layer of soil and water it a little (it is necessary to always maintain humidity). Then, sprinkle the interior with lime to prevent odors and cover the bucket again;
5) Every time new waste is dumped, the interior should be stirred with a rod, so that all materials are ventilated.
After a time, from about a month on, the waste will no longer be individually distinguishable, except for those that have recently been deposited. The result is what is known by the name of compost and it is considered an extremely rich compost for the earth; with a great variety of microorganisms that are in charge of synthesizing enzymes, vitamins and hormones and that notably collaborate with the biotic balance of the earth.
Si la mayoría de las personas hiciéramos composta con la materia orgánica proveniente de nuestra basura, se podría disminuir considerablemente la contaminación, ya que los restos orgánicos depositados en los basurales, al calentarse con el sol, eliminan gas metano (CO2), uno de los componentes más nocivos para el calentamiento global.

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