What is organ?

What Does organ Mean

Organ , from the Latin orgănum , is a term that has different uses. It is, for example, a musical instrument made up of tubes of different lengths that produce sound by letting air pass. The organs have a keyboard and bellows that propel the air.

The structure of the organ is made up of a box (that holds the instrument), a console (with the controls to play, includes the keyboard , the pedalboard and the registers ), the pipe (the set of pipes or flutes), the secret (the box that presents the valve system on which the tubes rest), the mechanism (the system that works as a link between the movements of the controls) and the bellows (which supply the air).

This instrument is very common in churches since it is usually played during the celebration of mass. It is known as Hammond organ , on the other hand, the instrument invented by Laurens Hammond ( 1895 - 1973 ) that works with amplification through individual speakers.
Among the wide variety of organs that exist we would have to highlight one of the most important. We are referring to the so-called chamber organ. It is a small keyboard musical instrument that is specially designed to be used in small rooms.
Among the most important organists in the history of music or the composers who most made use of the organ we could highlight great figures such as the German Felix Mendelssohn, the Spanish Jesús Guridi, the Austrian Anton Bruckner and the also German Johannes Brahms, among many more.
The existence of what is known as an administrative body should not be overlooked either. The aforementioned term is used to refer to the unit of a Public Administration whose clear mission is to carry out a series of actions and specific functions within it.
In the same way, we also find the existence of what is known as judicial bodies. They have a clearly established jurisdiction over which they exercise the ability to decide existing conflicts, respecting at all times the laws and the Constitution of the specific country.
In the field of biology and anatomy , an organ is an associated set of tissues that share a structure and the same function . The scale of biological complexity places organs above tissues and below systems.
The heart, brain , stomach, lungs, kidneys and liver are some of the organs of mammals, including humans. The organ transplantation is the medical treatment that involves replacing an organ from a person for an organ donated by another subject.

In addition, it must be made clear that the organs of the human body can be classified based on two fundamental criteria. In the first place, taking into account the system or device in which they are located and secondly, based on the anatomical area in which they are found.

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