What is oceanography?

What Does oceanography Mean

The science dedicated to the analysis of the oceans is called oceanography . Its experts investigate the various phenomena that occur underwater and work with the various organisms that inhabit the sea .

Oceanography is part of the group known as geosciences , which includes those natural sciences focused on various studies of the Earth . In this specific case, your object of study is in the ocean. Its etymological origin, in fact, is linked to the description of the oceans.

It is possible to distinguish between various branches within this science. The physical oceanography is responsible for the physical phenomena that occur in the ocean, as waves and currents .
The oceanography chemical , meanwhile, is focused on the analysis of aquatic composition from the chemical point of view. One of their interests is the presence of polluting substances in the seas.
The geological oceanography , instead, investigates the geological development impinging on the formation of the sea and the coast. The biological oceanography , finally, conducts research on living beings that inhabit the ocean.
Cousteau's Legacy for Oceanography
Among the most famous oceanographers in the world is Jacques-Yves Cousteau ( 1910 - 1997 ), a researcher who became very popular as a pioneer in underwater filming and photography. This oceanographer knew how to become a world-renowned documentary maker and a fervent activist for the defense of marine nature . Cousteau allowed humanity to increase its knowledge of everything that happens under water.
Costeau was an explorer and due to his great passion for the marine world he was working to find a way to go down to the ocean and stay underwater for a long time. This is how he managed to manufacture the oxygen regulator that is still used in scuba diving.
Furthermore, Costeau not only liked to see but also to immortalize; so much so that he was one of the first to shoot underwater movies . His famous underwater strips, taken during his explorations on the ship he had named Calypso , are extremely popular and have been televised in many, many countries around the world. It is thanks to them that Jacques-Yves Cousteau was recognized throughout the globe for his passion and dedication to exploring the marine universe.

Given that passion, he was also a great activist for preserving the purity of the oceans . He defended the marine environment by giving talks and trying to make the world aware of environmental issues. He is possibly one of the first activists aware that our role in life is fundamental, not because of what we have come to do but because of what we have done, and continue to do, not worrying about the future of nature.
When a large quantity of radioactive waste was to be disposed of in the sea in 1960 , Cousteau campaigned to prevent it, winning high public support. And that was just the beginning of a long and intense fight for environmental rights. Later, together with his children, he created the Cousteau Society, which is in charge of working for the protection of life in the ocean.
Thanks to all Costeau's work to explore the marine world and learn about the life of other species, today we know a lot about what is hidden under the waters. Many films and strips have been made in tribute to the work of this passionate of the marine world and his own filming continues to be admired and enjoyed throughout the planet by young and old.

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