What is nursing care?

What Does nursing care Mean

The notion of care is linked to the preservation or conservation of something or the assistance and help that is given to another living being. The term derives from the verb to take care (from the Latin coidar ).

Nursing , on the other hand, is associated with the care and monitoring of the condition of a patient. Nursing is both this activity and the profession involved in performing these tasks and the physical place in which they are carried out.
The nursing care , therefore, include various care that a nurse must dedicate their patients. Their characteristics will depend on the condition and severity of the subject, although at a general level it can be said that they are aimed at monitoring health and providing health care to the patient.

When a person is admitted to a hospital (that is, when they must spend the night in the health center), nursing care will include serum control, monitoring of their vital parameters and the supply of medications indicated by the doctor among other tasks.
Nurses can also, in some cases, travel to the patient's home to provide certain care. This is the case of a nurse visiting an elderly person to give him an injection on a daily basis or to take his blood pressure.
It should be noted that to provide nursing care, it is necessary to obtain a qualification that serves as a habilitation. The characteristics of the training and the degree depend on each country, since the nursing career can be tertiary or university and require different skills.
According to Virginia Henderson, an American disease born in 1897 that relied on physiology and psychology to theorize its own vision of nursing, nurses have the main function of caring for sick or healthy people to carry out the activities that help with their recovery or prevent them from suffering when their final hour approaches. Nursing care is a service that compensates for the lack of strength, knowledge or will, depending on the disorder.
Henderson proposed a model that consists of 14 basic needs, which respond to his idea that all human beings have the same needs and that nursing care arises from analyzing them and finding a way to satisfy them. Let's look at a list based on these top needs :

* breathe normally;

* eat and drink properly;

* eliminate waste from our body;

* move and take care of our posture to avoid bone and muscle disorders;

* respect the recommended number of hours of sleep and rest during the day to make good use of energy and avoid excessive wear;
* choose the clothing that we want to wear at all times, according to the different variables that may be involved, such as the temperature and the type of activities that we must carry out, and put on or take off the clothes by our own means;

* Maintain our body temperature, taking precautions such as wearing warm clothing, protecting ourselves from excessive cold and heat, and setting our home;

* take care of the hygiene and integrity of each part of our body;

* avoid any practice that puts us in danger or harms third parties, directly or indirectly;
* express our needs and emotions, our fears and desires through communication with the rest of living beings;

* in the case of religious people, carry out the practices they need to get closer to their beliefs and feed on their teachings;

* seek the satisfaction of feeling useful through the development of some productive activity, whether vocational or merely work, but that gives us something back and makes us feel independence and profit;

* have fun, play, participate in activities in which we feel pleasure and put aside our worries;

* study, learn, discover new worlds, explore knowledge driven by our curiosity, in order to develop our intellect.

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