What is non-diabetic neuropathy?

Non-diabetic neuropathy is a general term for disorders of the peripheral nervous system not caused by diabetes. The distinction is necessary, since the symptoms are very similar to those of diabetic neuropathy. A variety of factors such as pre-existing disease or physical trauma can cause non-diabetic neuropathy. Neuropathy treatment depends on the specific cause and progression of the neuropathy. People with the condition must be patient with recovery, as nerve regeneration takes years if it occurs.

A distinction is made between diabetic and non-diabetic neuropathy due to the prevalence of the former and the similarity of symptoms. In both cases, the feet and legs are a vulnerable area; An individual can lose sensation. The chances of abscesses and infections increase with increasing nerve damage. Neuropathy in non-diabetic people can occur in other parts of the body, such as the arms and hands. Sensation and fine motor control decrease simultaneously.

Various causes are responsible for non-diabetic neuropathy. For example, low levels of B vitamins reduce the nerves' ability to send electrical signals. Alcoholism has a similar effect by denying the body essential nutrients. However, the most common cause is trauma due to physical injury. Neuropathy can occur almost immediately through a bruised or severed nerve.

When an individual presents with nondiabetic neuropathy, a physician's goal is to determine the root cause. Blood tests and/or medical history are reliable diagnostic methods. In the case of a vitamin B deficiency, a supplement is all that is needed to stop the progression of neuropathy. A treatment center may be required for those whose neuropathy is caused by alcoholism. Some neuropathies caused by physical trauma require surgery to reattach major nerves and correct other internal injuries.

Even if a doctor can cure or correct the cause of non-diabetic neuropathy, modern medicine cannot reverse neuropathy that has already developed. Regenerating nerves is difficult for the body, and if it does occur, the process can take years. Some people whose nerves regenerate report that the regained sensations are dull, overly sensitive, or react differently to hot and cold. Upon regaining motor control, an individual may have lifelong difficulties with finer movements, such as picking up small objects. Considering the uncertain nature of recovery from non-diabetic neuropathy, it is essential to seek medical treatment as soon as possible after experiencing symptoms of neuropathy.

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