What is nominalism?

What Does nominalism Mean

The notion of nominalism is used in the field of philosophy to refer to the doctrine that rejects, at the objective level, the existence of universals . In this way he opposes idealism and realism .

For nominalism, universals are simple conventions . His position is that only individual things exist objectively : general concepts are developed through intellectual activity, lacking an independent existence of things.
Following the reasoning of the promoters of nominalism, universals fail to reflect the qualities and properties of things. In short, things have an existence prior to universals, which are nothing more than names .

Nominalism gives preponderance to the object , leaving the concept on a secondary level. From the point of view of critics of this doctrine, nominalists do not take into account that individual things contain the general or that general concepts can reflect real properties of that which has objective existence.
Although there are different aspects of nominalism, it can be said that the movement was born from a reflection on the problem of universals . While realism maintains that there are things that belong to the same type because universals exist (since they are present in different things), for nominalism the universal is an intellectual construction (a response generated by the brain to something present in the real world).
Guillermo de Ockham and Roscelino de Compiègne are two of the thinkers identified as founders and promoters of nominalism. Both made various contributions to the philosophy of the Middle Ages .

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