What is neurological disability?

Neurological impairment refers to a broad group of disorders in which the central nervous system does not function properly, leading to some kind of physical or mental problems. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. A neurological disability, which affects the brain or spinal cord, can affect a wide range of different abilities, from motor skills to memory. Cerebral palsy and Tourette's syndrome are two common examples of neurological impairment; the former affects motor skills and the latter involves motor skills and speech skills.

Not all neurological abnormalities are present from birth. Neurological disability may be acquired as a result of some form of brain or spinal cord injury. Often the results are very similar; The only difference is the way a certain part of the brain is damaged.

Due to its various forms, neurological impairment can be classified in many different ways. Childhood aphasia, for example, can develop from birth or be acquired due to some form of brain injury and is primarily related to speech and language skills. Another classification, minimal brain dysfunction, involves neurological disorders related to learning and behavior. A third broad class is known as a learning disability; These are disorders related to difficulties in general comprehension and understanding of language.

The severity of a neurological disability can vary greatly depending on the severity of the disorder. Not all disorders related to cognition, for example, are the same. Some people have reasoning and memory skills comparable to their peers, but have some difficulty in new situations. Others, however, are unable to participate in even the simplest activities without help and supervision because they lack the memory and reasoning skills necessary to be functional in everyday life.

Some forms of neurological disability have been treated through a variety of different means with varying degrees of success. Some people with neurological disabilities can gain some level of functionality through various forms of therapy, such as speech therapy and physical therapy. Medications can, in some cases, help people overcome their disorders. In extreme cases, brain surgeries have been used to prevent neurological problems. This is especially true in individuals who have suffered brain damage; In some cases, the injuries they sustained can be repaired without too much difficulty.

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