What is neologism?

What Does neologism Mean

In order to know the meaning of the term neologism, it is necessary, first of all, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can emphasize that it derives from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of three lexical components of that language:

-The word “neos”, which means “new”.

-The noun “logos”, which can be translated as “word”.

-The suffix “-ismós”.

A neologism is a new word that arises in a language . It may even be a novel meaning of a term or a different twist.
Typically, neologisms develop when a new reality breaks out . A discovery or an invention can cause a neologism to be created, since the vocabulary until now did not have a word to name what was unknown or non-existent.

It is important to bear in mind that a neologism, with the passage of time, loses this category. Robot , for example, was a neologism decades ago, although now it is a common noun that already has a history in our language.
A neologism can arise by acronym (forming with the initials of different expressions), derivation (adding suffixes or prefixes), composition (joining different words) or parasynthesis (a combination of derivation and composition). Neologisms can be neologisms of meaning (an existing word is given a new meaning) or neologisms of form (created by a morphological modification).
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore that there are different types of neologism. Specifically, among the most significant are the following:

-Semantic neologisms that are those words that are already part of a language, but are now used in that language, but with another meaning. Examples of this are viral or search engine.

-Neologisms of form. These are the ones that originate from the morphological transformations of different words. This would be the case of photojournalism.

-Functional neologisms, which occur when in a language there is a need to introduce words to be able to designate a situation, a thing ... This group includes, for example, the so-called foreign words.

-Stylistic neologisms, are those that are characterized because they are words that are shaped to try to give a more positive or sensitive tone to an expression that can be used frequently. This would be the case, for example, of the blind.

-Technological neologisms, which, as their name indicates, refer to elements related to technology and which, as a general rule, come from other languages. An example is selfie.
An example of a neologism is blogger . This is the name of the individual who manages or develops a blog : a website similar to a personal diary, with content that is usually organized chronologically and that can receive comments from readers. Until the end of the 1990s , when these kinds of online sites began to become popular, the notion of blogger did not exist, since there were no people to develop their activities.

Meme is another neologism. It was coined by the British Richard Dawkins in 1976 and today it is often used to refer to the joke or cartoon shared on the Internet to distort reality with a mocking objective.

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