What is Motherboard?

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What Does Motherboard Mean

The motherboard , motherboard or motherboard is a card of printed circuit which enables integration of all components of a computer . For this, it has a basic software known as BIOS , which allows it to fulfill its functions.

The motherboard is a central component of a computer.
Motherboard features
But what functions are basically those that every motherboard or motherboard performs? They are several and all important and fundamental to achieve the correct and optimal operation of any computer.

Specifically, these tasks would include data communication, control and monitoring, administration or management of electrical energy as well as its distribution throughout the computer, the physical connection of the various components of the aforementioned and , of course, timing and synchronism.
Your connectors
The motherboard houses the connectors necessary for the processor, RAM, ports and the rest of the boards (such as the video card or the network card ).
Currently among the most important and fundamental connectors that every motherboard has are the sound, the USB port, the parallel port, the firewire and the serial port, the Network port and the PS / 2 type.
The sound ones are those used to connect from microphones to speakers while the aforementioned USB is the one used to connect all kinds of peripheral devices such as mice, printers or a scanner.
Concepts related to the notion of motherboard
There are several concepts related to motherboards that must be understood to know how this motherboard works. For example, the set of main integrated circuits that are installed on the motherboard is known as chipset .
The socket or socket is an electromechanical system of support and electrical connection that allows the fixing and connection of the microprocessor to the motherboard.
It is possible to recognize multiple connectors on a motherboard.
On the other hand, a slot is a slot found on the motherboard and that makes it possible to connect different additional or expansion cards to it, which, in general, are used to control peripheral devices such as printers. Today's computers typically feature between eight and twelve slots.

IDE or ATA ports are those that control data storage devices, such as hard drives. Other important ports on a motherboard are PS / 2 (for connecting mouse and keyboard ), USB , COM1, and LPT1 .
Motherboard types
Finally, it should be noted that there are different types of motherboards, such as XT, AT, Baby-AT, ATX, Mini-ATX, micro ATX, LPX, NLX, Nano-ITX, BTX, WTX and ETX , among others.
The aforementioned ATX motherboard is characterized, for example, by the fact that it is the easiest both when it comes to being placed and when it comes to operating in terms of ventilation. Meanwhile, the Baby-AT was the one that years ago became the most used due to its reduced form and its adaptation to any type of box, but the circumstance that made it stop being the primary one was that its components are very close and that sometimes brought many operating problems.

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