What is mortar?

What Does mortar Mean

You may not know it, but the etymological origin of the term mortar that we are dealing with now is found in Latin. Exactly derived from the word "mortarium", which was how a metal box was called that was used to carry out the mixture of materials such as sand and lime.

It is called mortar to the utensil used to crush something . It is an element composed of a container similar to a glass (where what is intended to be crushed, disintegrated or pulverized is placed) and an instrument known as a hand (a short and thick stick with which the substances to be ground are crushed) .
The use of mortar is very simple. Suppose a person wants to shred herbs. To do this, you must place them in the mortar glass and then, with the help of your hand, gradually disintegrate them, exerting pressure against the surface of the container.

Mortars can be made of ceramic , stone, wood or metal, for example. Its use is ancestral in different areas.
Starting from this meaning, words such as crusher, crusher, crusher and mortar are used as synonyms for mortar.
In the field of gastronomy, mortar is used to prepare very popular recipes such as pesto or guacamole . In the first case, basil leaves, garlic and pine nuts are ground with olive oil; In the second preparation, the mortar is used to crush the avocado with tomatoes, peppers and lemon juice.
The idea of mortar is also used in the construction sector to name the mass that is generated by mixing water, sand and some binder (cement, plaster, lime, etc.). Additives are often added to optimize its performance. The mortar is used to prepare stones or bricks, cover walls or fill spaces.
Finally, the mortar is a type of weapon that allows projectiles to be fired at an angle that exceeds 45º. Mortars eject ammunition at low speed, although falling vertically and exploding can cause great damage.
Taking this meaning into account, among the synonyms for mortar we find bombardment, cannon and even howitzer.
This type of weapon is considered to have its origin in the 15th century. Moreover, it is believed that it could have been created by Mehmed II in 1453 during what was the fall of Constantinople, which was carried out by the Ottoman Turks and is considered the event that marked the end of the Middle Ages in Europe. .
After that time, the aforementioned mortar was not very successful. However, that changed with World War I when the English and French chose to use it, something that later the Germans would also do.
It is no less interesting to know that the first modern mortar was the one designed by Wilfred Stokes for the British side in 1915. We are referring to the Stokes mortar, which could fire up to 25 projectiles per minute and was able to reach a distance of about 730 meters, approximately. Those projectiles were made of cast iron and had a diameter of about 76 millimeters.

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