What is monomania?

Monomania is an emotional or mental disorder that affects the individual's ability to interact with their environment in a balanced and productive way. Essentially, monomania is a condition in which the sufferer is so focused on an idea or emotion that it is impossible to function normally. A person suffering from this disorder is often referred to as monomanic.

The term monomania is created from the Greek word monkeys which refers to one, and mania , which refers to an excited state. People who exhibit monomanic attributes become so focused on a single emotion or concept that the majority of their waking hours are devoted to this single subject. In most cases, the paranoia is increasingly present as the condition deepens, and the monomaniac often believes that others are seeking to negatively impact the obsession in some way.

The paranoid aspects of monomania are usually manifested by thoughts that others do not adequately understand, are unable to comprehend, and therefore present a real and present danger. For example, if someone with monomania has become convinced that she is going to drown, a friendly invitation that includes being near a pool, lake, or river can be seen as confirmation of the overwhelming fear. Furthermore, the individual who issued the invitation can be seen as a vehicle for the realization of this great fear. To delay what is considered inevitable, the monomaniac may sever all social ties with the friend or relative who made the perfectly innocent invitation.

As with many types of mental and emotional disorders, people who suffer from monomania are often convinced that the rest of the world is going crazy, but they are perfectly healthy. The perception is that the mania is not a mania at all, but simply a heightened sense that is helping the individual avoid a terrible fate.

Unfortunately, monomania can also lead to an obsession with another person. The condition can manifest as an attachment that is so strong that it is impossible to be away from the object of affection for any appreciable period of time. In other cases, the monomaniac may become convinced that a certain individual must be the instrument of her death, and thus avoid the individual or take steps to eliminate the threat by any means necessary.

Monomania is a condition that can be treated with therapy and medication. Only qualified health professionals can diagnose monomania, and treatment should be left to those who understand how the disorder works.

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