What is mobbing?

What Does mobbing Mean

The term mobbing belongs to the English language and refers to harassing, harassing or persecuting . In our language , the concept is used to refer specifically to workplace harassment .

Mobbing, therefore, occurs when one or more people besiege a worker in the place where he fulfills his work obligations or even outside of it. The psychological violence is exercised systematically through different actions that can result from discomfort to fear or depression .
The harassment may occur downstream (from the head to an employee), horizontally (peer) or upstream (in a subordinate his superior). In the most serious situations, mobbing can include physical attacks .

The purpose of mobbing is for the victim to leave their job . The stalker, who often feels that the harassed is harming his interests, resorts to intimidation and harassment to achieve his objective .
Do not confuse mobbing with other work problems. A worker can be stressed or even have called syndrome burning ( burnout ) for reasons inherent in their activity, without any other bothering individual purpose.
Among the most common practices of mobbing, appear the excessive assignment of tasks , the establishment of unattainable goals, verbal attacks in public and removal of responsibilities as a minimization mechanism. The intention is that the employee does not feel comfortable or satisfied at any time.
When an employer assigns an excessive amount of tasks to an employee in order to practice mobbing, it does not usually stop at their reaction, no matter how negative. We must understand that someone capable of torturing another is not in direct contact with their feelings or shows empathy for the suffering of others. This misanthropic trait leads him to focus solely on obtaining benefits, regardless of the consequences.
Depending on the case, the increase in tasks can be progressive or sudden . Of course, if it is sudden, it can arouse suspicions in other employees about mobbing, and only for this reason or for another reason that may harm the employer or interfere with their plans, it is possible that it will do it little by little. The process usually consists of testing his resistance until it is broken, so that he is the one who starts the conflict publicly, either through a complaint or by submitting his resignation.
The consequences of mobbing depend on each case. The victim may suffer from problems of self-esteem, anguish and anxiety attacks; somatize the conflict with headaches and intestinal disorders; or even get mental illnesses .

Let's look at some of the consequences in greater depth, starting with those that take place on a psychological level:
* Self- confidence decreases, especially with regard to one's professional abilities;
* a feeling of guilt arises, often fueled by the environment, as if the problem had started through the employee's action;
* Sleep disorders, extreme tiredness, problems in personal relationships, depression and personality changes appear.
Faced with these and other problems, it is common for the employee to request sick leave with the intention of resting and resuming his activity in better conditions. However, the employer often takes advantage of this against you; for example, reproaching him for his lack of commitment to the company or his poor performance.
On a personal level, given the employee's immense frustration with mobbing, it is not uncommon for them to become aggressive against their friends and family. Needless to say, this leads to fights and separations that make their situation even worse. If his private life is destroyed, the stalker is almost guaranteed success, since his victim cannot lean on anyone and then sooner or later ends up falling.

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