What is migration?

What Does migration Mean

Migration
occurs when a social group, be it human or animal, makes a transfer from their place of origin to another where they consider that their quality of life will improve. It implies the establishment of a new life , in a different social, political and economic environment and, in the case of animals, a different habitat that is more conducive to the subsistence of the species.

According to CONAPO (National Population Council) in human social terms, a migration is the displacement of people from their usual place of residence to another, in some cases they move to another country for a certain period of time.

Some examples where the term appears: "The migration of people affected by the economic crisis left several villages almost empty" , "The swallow is an animal that makes a surprising migration" , "If the political persecution does not stop, we will have to think about migration ” .
It is possible to refer to another type of migration, which takes place in computing . Migration is called the process by which programs and information from one computer or system are transferred to another.
Regarding human migrations, there are two different realities. On the one hand, emigration takes place when a subject leaves his own country to settle and establish residence in another. On the other hand, immigration is the entry into a foreign nation by subjects who come from another place.
Migration is a phenomenon present throughout the history of human beings as a species. Various cultures and religions have as a reference some type of migration, as is the case of the exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt . The causes of human migration can be very varied and range from political or economic reasons , to encompass some type of natural catastrophe or tragedy .
The animal migration , meanwhile, is a displacement performing certain mammals, birds and fish. Migration implies an active behavior on the part of the animal, which must be mobilized for a long time to find the right place for its reproduction, avoid the most extreme climates or simply find food.
Some terms that derive from this concept are: emigrant (each individual who leaves his country to go to reside abroad), immigrant (one who legally enters a country in order to settle), immigrant (foreigner who possesses the rights of permanent residence in a foreign country where you live), non-migrant (foreigner who arrives legally in a country in order to stay for a short time, as a tourist, student, etc.), migratory movement (entry or exit transit of foreigners in a country), repatriated (individual who returns to his country after having resided for more than two years abroad).

There are several types of migration: return or repatriation (individuals who have previously left their land, decide to return to it), seasonal (displacement to a place for a certain time, generally a year. Generally for work or study reasons. The term cannot be used if the foreigner does not change his or her place of residence), external migration (moving from one place to another, according to the perspective with which said transfer is analyzed, it can be called emigration or immigration), internal migration (transfer that is gives within the same territory).
It is necessary to clarify that the construction of many modern countries is closely related to migration. In Argentina, for example, there were two strong migratory movements, one during the colonial period and then at the end of the 1800s. In both, the entry of foreigners into the national territory contributed to the formation of the Argentine people . The fusion of cultures and ideologies is a particular and essential element when it comes to understanding the current Argentine culture. The colonies that were established during those periods in the national territory allowed the quality of mixed population. The countries of origin of most of the migrants were Italy, Spain, Russia and France .
En la actualidad la globalización y la migración están íntimamente relacionadas, la coexistencia de ambas en las diferentes sociedades ha permitido el desarrollo y la modernización, brindando no sólo ventajas en los aspectos culturales (generando mayor diversidad), sino también en aspectos económicos (mano de obra barata y especializada, entre otras cosas).

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