What is metaphysics?

What Does metaphysics Mean

Before entering fully into the meaning of the term metaphysics, we must know its etymological origin. In this case, we can emphasize that it is a word derived from Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language:

-The word “meta”, which can be translated as “beyond”.

-The word “physika”, which derives from “physikos” and which is synonymous with “physical nature” or “treatise on nature”.

The metaphysics is the area of philosophy centered being . This discipline analyzes the principles, properties and nature of reality that are inaccessible through experience.
The object of study of metaphysics, therefore, cannot be examined or proved by empirical investigation . It is often said that, while biology takes the existence of life as its starting point and chemistry does the same with matter, metaphysics is in charge of defining what life is and what matter is.

Metaphysics is associated with what Aristotle called the first philosophy , which studied the causes and characteristics of being . The concept, in fact, arose from the order that Andronicus of Rhodes gave to a first edition of Aristotle's notes .
It can be said that metaphysics seeks to understand reality from theory , trying to penetrate the elementary principles of things. What is being and why is there something are two of his essential questions.
Being, in this framework, is that which, leaving aside the totality of the individual characteristics of particular entities, continues to be the same in all entities. Being is also defined as what can be attributed to everything .
No less significant is knowing that there are different types of metaphysics. Specifically, among the most important are the following:

-Spiritual metaphysics, which is a school that aims to help people to be happy. In order to achieve this end, what it does is try to ensure that people can modify their behavior patterns, specifically that they manage to eliminate what their defects are while enhancing what their virtues are.

-Cartesian metaphysics, which is closely related to the figure of the philosopher Descartes. Specifically, in that it comes to determine that there are three important substances: the soul, which is the thinking substance that responds to the name "res cogitans"; God, who becomes the infinite substance also known as "infinite res"; and matter, which we can establish to be the extended substance and which is also called “res extensive”.

In addition to those mentioned, we can highlight the special metaphysics, which is divided into several branches, and the general metaphysics.
It is important to bear in mind that there are different ways of understanding what metaphysics is and the scope of this part of philosophy. There are those who affirm that the postulates of metaphysics do not have meaning or sense , while others maintain that their affirmations do have meaning, but it is not possible to determine if the statements are false or true since it exceeds the cognitive capacity of the human being .

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