What is melamine?

What Does melamine Mean

The notion of melamine comes from the French word mélamine . The concept refers to a crystalline substance that is used to produce synthetic resins .

It is an organic compound that develops naturally as a solid white element. Its formula is C3H6N6 and it can be dissolved in water .
The condensation of formaldehyde and phenylamine allows the formation of melamine resins . These materials are often used for the production of furniture and as adhesives in the generation of chipboard.
Phenylamine is also known by the names of aniline or aminobenzene . It is a liquid organic compound whose color is usually yellow and its smell is very particular. At room temperature it is not common for it to evaporate and it is poorly soluble in water, although it dissolves easily using almost any organic solvent.

Another name for formaldehyde is methanal . It is a chemical compound, the simplest of the aldehydes, whose volatility and flammability are considerable. To obtain it, it is necessary to subject the methyl alcohol to catalytic oxidation. It is a colorless gas under normal temperature and pressure. Its smell is intense and it is soluble in esters and water.
Although there are solid resins and others in powder form, the general characteristics of all are the following:
* its color is brown or reddish;

* the form in which melamine resins are materialized is crystals;

* its softening point is high;

* its fluency is poor;

* they are not soluble in common solvents;

* they resist bases, also called alkalis , a series of substances with alkaline properties;

* have a low loss factor at high frequency;

* its insulation resistance is brilliant;

* not recyclable.
One of the most common uses for melamine resins is in molding compounds . In car paint , one of the most important stages of its manufacture, base resins are used , which are divided into two groups: methylated (which react with methanol) and butylated or isobutylated (which react with butanol or isobutanol, respectively). These are crystalline resins, with a solids content that exceeds 95 percent and they are colorless.
A melamine plate , in this framework, is a table developed with melamine resins. Its coating gives it great resistance to moisture and to the action of various chemicals. It also resists scratches.

These boards can be glued and assembled in multiple ways. Thanks to the use of bolts, screws, nails and / or adhesives, the melamine plates can be joined in a durable way and thus give rise to an endless number of pieces of furniture and spatial divisions of rooms .
In addition to being noted for its strength and structural stability, melamine planks function as acoustic and thermal insulators. That is why the use of this compound is very frequent.
It is important to emphasize that an advantage that melamine furniture offers is its low cost compared to other similar products. Melamine furniture, for example, is often cheaper than wooden furniture .
Ease of cleaning is another benefit of melamine. While acids and solvents tend to damage wood, melamine has greater resistance, although it is best to opt for articles created specifically for this material.
Given the high nitrogen content that melamine has, for several years it was used to adulterate different food products, both for humans and animals, to appear a higher protein content than the real one. The most direct consequence of this practice is that they make the food toxic .

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