What is malinche?

What Does malinche Mean

The term malinche comes from a Mexican slave who was the lover, counselor and translator of the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés . La Malinche , in this way, had a great importance in the European advance through the Mexican territory .

The way of evaluating La Malinche's behavior and attitude has changed over the years and has even generated conflicting positions. For some, this woman was a victim of colonialism by being handed over as a slave. Others maintain that La Malinche was a traitor who harmed her people, while there are those who consider her symbolically as the mother of the mestizo culture that emerged from the fusion of the Spanish and the aboriginal settlers.

Other names by which Malinche is known are Doña Marina , Malintzin and Malinalli . The Mexica belong to the group of peoples called Nahuas , as well as others from Anahuac, and all shared the Nahuatl language . The exact place of his birth is not known, but it is estimated that it was in the current state of Veracruz, in the vicinity of the ancient Olmec capital called Coatzacoalcos . With regard to the date, it is likely to have been around the year 1500.
His family was of the upper class of the Mexica, they were caciques and lords of Copainalá , a town located in the area of ​​the current municipality of Oluta. According to the research of the historian Gómez de Orozco , his father was a chief and his mother belonged to the nobility, she was a lady with lands and vassals.
One of the names mentioned above, Malinalli, is the one that Malinche is believed to have received at birth, in homage to the goddess of grass . Some time later they began to call her Tenepal , which can be translated as "someone who expresses himself with vivacity." His life was complicated after the death of his father and the second marriage of his mother.
In the year 1519, Malinche was given to the Spanish as a tribute along with nineteen other women by the aborigines of Tabasco, after the Battle of Centla , where the Mayan-Chontals clashed with the conquerors. Malinche's role in the conquest of Mexico was very important, both for her detractors and for her defenders.
Their relationship with Hernán Cortés eventually led to their having a son, Martín Cortés , whom many consider the first mestizo . It should be noted that some historians believe that other children had already been born to couples between aborigines and Spanish, with which Martín would not be exactly the first. However, its relevance is unquestionable.
Variations in the criteria that historians have used when studying Malinche's life have directly impacted her image over the centuries. This ambiguity is reflected in Mexican culture itself , and becomes even less clear when studied from the outside.

In this context, different meanings of the word malinche appear , accepted as a common noun and as an adjective by the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ). In this context, the individual, entity or movement that incurs the betrayal is mentioned as malinche .
Malinchista , meanwhile, is one who despises his own and, in return, values ​​and admires what is foreign . This tendency, in turn, receives the denomination of malinchismo .
In its dictionary the RAE also includes another meaning of malinche. This is what is called, in Nicaragua and Honduras , a small tree , whose height does not exceed five meters, which bears a pod fruit and has yellowish or reddish flowers. The bark of the malinche is used in tanning, while the leaves make it possible to make an infusion to which abortifacient properties are attributed.

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