What is maceration?

What Does maceration Mean

The first thing we are going to do before entering fully into the meaning of the term maceration is to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it derives from Latin, exactly from “maceratio”, which is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited lexical components:

-The verb “macerare”, which can be translated as “macerate”.

-The suffix “-cion”, which is used to indicate “action and effect”.

The concept is used to name the process and the consequence of macerating : leaving a solid submerged in a liquid with the aim of softening it or separating its soluble elements.
Maceration takes place in different contexts. The extracting substance can be water , an oil , an alcohol or a vinegar , to name a few possibilities. The procedure, in turn, can be carried out cold or hot .

The food tends to appeal to the cold maceration to soften, flavored saborizar different products or to improve their conservation. A dry or raw food can be marinated in oil, liquor or wine, for example. The fruit maceration, meanwhile, is common for the production of jams .
With maceration, a transmission of properties can be achieved. If cherries are macerated in whiskey or strawberries in vodka, to name two possibilities, the fruits will take on the flavor of the alcoholic beverage and vice versa.
Meat is one of the foods that is most often marinated in kitchens. And thanks to this process it is achieved that it is more tender, can change its texture, can have other nuances of flavors and is easier to eat.
Precisely for these reasons, it is usual to marinate tougher or stronger flavored meats such as veal or even lamb.
In those cases, you can resort to carrying out the maceration process using products such as lemon juice, wine, vinegar, olive oil, soy sauce and even yogurt.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that, when preparing olive oil to marinate different foods, different plants or spices are usually used. We are referring to some such as rosemary, lavender, thyme or calendula, for example. These can also be used to do the same process with other oils such as almond, rice and even soy or sunflower.
Wine maceration , on the other hand, is necessary for the liquid parts and solid parts to exchange compounds. This is how new flavors are generated. This step in the production process is carried out when the must does not yet contain alcohols or has fermented: it involves mixing the grape juice with the fruit solids.
When producing beer , maceration is also used. The malted cereals are combined with hot water and thus the starch is transformed into maltose.

Finally, in the production of perfumes , maceration in alcohol was used . The technique consisted of immersing the petals of flowers such as jasmine or orange blossom in ethanol and distilled water for several weeks.

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