What is literary analysis?

What Does literary analysis Mean

This concept is made up of two terms that in themselves contain individual and authentic meaning.
Analysis is the examination of a reality susceptible to intellectual study that, through the distinction and separation of its parts, allows knowing its constituent elements and principles.

Literary is that belonging to or relating to literature . This term, which comes from the Latin litterae , is linked to the set of knowledge to write and read well. Literature is an art that uses language as a means of expression.
Literary analysis requires critical reading.
The concept
The literary analysis , therefore, consists of an assessment comminuting and recognize the different aspects that make up a play. This work is done by examining the plot, theme, exposition, style, and other issues relating to a literary work.

Thanks to literary analysis, it is possible to know what resources the author of a particular work used, with what intention he used them and what things he took into consideration when developing a certain structure or climbing into a particular genre . By approaching the analysis of the work we can understand more in depth everything that is linked to it and take it to a higher level of understanding .
How to do a literary analysis
Analyzing a literary work, then, is an activity that requires certain essential steps that, beyond the differences of the case, are repeated over and over again at the time of analysis .
Although there are people who are especially dedicated to the development and research of the works, for which they have been preparing for several years; Any good reader could be a potential analyst if he so chooses; although you should keep in mind that it is hard work and will require a lot of time and attention on your part.
The first step in any literary analysis is the reading of the work and the recognition of its historical and social context . From then on, it is necessary to determine the theme, structure and form of the text and characterize the characters and the environment.
The historical context is one of the variables to consider in a literary analysis.
Depending on the type of text we are facing, our analysis will take one course or another. According to the demands of the job, in turn, we will achieve a more complex or superficial work, it always depends on what the reasons are that lead us to carry it out.

Determination of gender, style and other characteristics
We will have to determine, first, the genre and subgenre to which the work belongs. For example: story, police. It is usually very useful to establish comparisons between the work in question and another belonging to the same genre, because there are common elements that can help us in the interpretation of the work of our interest.
If it is a prose work we will have to address aspects such as style, considering that this is the way in which the writer has wanted to express himself on that occasion. And analyzing the author's own language. Another thing that we must take into account is the narrative rhythm: the speed at which the events unfold and consider whether the author has satisfied our expectations around this topic. We must also analyze the point of view of the narrator : who tells the story and how, taking into account above all the degree of credibility that it has reached in our opinion.
At the end of our exhaustive analysis we will have to capture the conclusions of our work. The most important thing at this time is to capture all the characteristics of the work from different points of view. It is also possible to include a critical analysis, opinions based on the detailed characteristics and, if we want to be more correct, references to show the veracity of our conclusions .

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