What is legislative power?

What Does legislative power Mean

Before entering fully into the meaning of the term legislative power, it is necessary to proceed to determine the etymological origin of the two words that comprise it. Specifically, both derive from Latin:

-Power emanates from “posere” and this from “posse”, which can be translated as “love”.

-Legislative, on the other hand, is the result of the sum of several components: "lex", which is synonymous with "law"; "-Lat-", which indicates "produce" and the suffix "-tive", which is used to show an active or passive relationship.

The most important faculties of a State are three: create the laws that regulate the functioning of the society, administer these norms and specify the development of public policies. This allows dividing the State into three great powers, exercised by different institutions: the executive power , the judiciary and the legislative power .

The legislative power lies in the ability to develop and modify the laws . In this way, an institution (which, in a democratic regime, is Parliament or Congress ) is in charge of regulating the rights and responsibilities of citizens, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution .
The deputies and senators are the officials in charge of proposing new laws and modifying existing ones. When it is intended to refer to this body or to the bodies that make up the institution, the concept of Legislative Power must be written with initial capital letters. For example: "The Legislative Branch will debate this afternoon the reform of the adoption law" , "We have to get our proposal to the Legislative Branch" , "People are tired of not having answers from the Legislative Branch" .
Each country establishes its specific guidelines and legislation regarding the legislative power. However, in the case of Spain the following aspects can be highlighted:

-The Cortes Generales are in charge of the same, which are divided into two: the Congress of Deputies and the Senate, which represent the people.

-Both chambers have the mission to undertake the approval of the general budgets of the State and exercise the corresponding legislative responsibility.

-The Senate is known as the Upper House, its mandate lasts four years and its number is variable.

-The Congress of Deputies, for its part, is the Lower House, it has between 300 and 400 deputies and its mandate is also four years.
In addition to all of the above, it must be established that those in charge of the so-called legislative power what they do is fulfill the following missions: -

Call a referendum, at the proposal of the President of the Government and as long as they have the prior authorization of the Congress Deputies.

-Sanction and enact laws.

-Convene elections, as established in the Constitution.

-Convene and dissolve the Cortes Generales.

It should be noted that the Legislative Power not only deals with the development and changes in legislation, but is also in charge of controlling the actions of the Executive Power and the Judicial Power, having the possibility of promoting political trials .
When some sector seizes the Executive Power by force, it is usual for them to dissolve the Legislative Power, since the de facto regimes suspend the application of the Constitution .

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