What is isolationism?

What Does isolationism Mean

Isolationism is called the political doctrine that is based on not interfering or participating in external issues . The term arose from the English word isolationism .

Isolationism means moving away from foreign conflicts , without taking part in them. Thus the country in question isolates itself.
Isolationism in the United States
It is common for the notion of isolationism to be used to refer to the position attributed to the United States in many historical periods. The US authorities, in this sense, usually refrain from intervening in international affairs unless they consider that they represent a threat to their nation.

"America for Americans"

The isolationism of the United States , however, began to be left behind with the international policy of President James Monroe (1817-1825), who announced that he would appeal to the armed forces of his homeland if Europe acted in the American territory. Thus was born the so-called Monroe doctrine .

It should be noted that, beyond the proclaimed isolationism, the United States intervened abroad on numerous occasions. After World War II , for example, he acted in multiple ways to defend his interests and capitalism , confronting the Cuban socialist regime and supporting military dictatorships in South America , to mention a few cases.
No interventionism
It is important to talk about another doctrine that is very similar at first glance, and in fact is related: non-interventionism . It is situated in the field of foreign policy and obliges any State to avoid its intervention in the internal problems of others, either directly or indirectly, with the purpose of altering its intentions and making it subordinate itself.
This concept originates from the principle of non-intervention , belonging to public international law, according to which nations are independent and have the right to make their own decisions regarding their forms of government, their structure and their cultural, social and cultural development. economic.
George Washington and Thomas Jefferson are pointed out as the promoters of non-interventionism, which today is known as isolationism. These American presidents of the late 18th and early 19th centuries rejected military and political alliances and enacted neutrality. In addition, they stayed out of the wars of Europe to maintain free trade.

The aforementioned James Monroe was the author of a homonymous doctrine that can be summed up in the phrase "America for the Americans." He drew it up in 1823 and argued that the powers of the European continent should not take sides in American affairs. The contradiction of this stage of American history took place because this same doctrine that closed the intervention of Europe in its territory led to the United States intervening in other Latin American countries.

Switzerland is another country adhering to isolationism
The case of Switzerland
Switzerland , meanwhile, is another state that traditionally remains attached to isolationism. Its neutral stance at the international level is one of its distinguishing characteristics. This has led it to become a place where prices are high and where certain measures are necessary so that the cost of living adapts to that of its neighboring countries.
By 2005, reports showed that isolationism had led Switzerland to face excessively high prices when it came to importing products and raw materials, compounded by its lack of competitiveness in several key domestic sectors.
The cost of living in Switzerland was already a matter of debate at that time and is in fact one of the first mentioned characteristics of the country . On the other hand, it is known that Swiss wages are also high, and it is precisely this data that foreign countries take as an excuse to charge more money for their deliveries to Switzerland.

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