What is International organization?

What Does International organization Mean

In order to clearly define the concept of International Organization, it is convenient that we first explain the meaning of each of the words that make up this concept.

Among the various meanings of the notion of organism , the one that associates the term with organizations , entities or institutions of different kinds stands out. An organism, in this sense, can be made up of different areas, sectors or offices.
International , for its part, is the adjective used to name what is linked to a multiplicity of countries or what refers to a nation that is different from its own.

Now, with these two definitions we can understand that an international organization is an entity whose members or objectives do not belong to a single country . The usual thing is that the members of this class of organisms are different national states , which work together to coordinate certain policies or to join forces with a common goal.
The characteristics of each international organization can be very different. In general, they arise from agreements , conventions or treaties between different countries, which create an organization framed within public international law . The usual thing is that its legal powers are different from those of its members.
We could, however, cite four essential characteristics that these organisms must meet.
1- Be composed only of States with Sovereignty , which is known as interstate composition.
2- have an agreement that is supported by a legal basis .
3- have sufficient independence from the States that have signed the agreement to ensure responsible management of the interests of the communities involved. They generally have a plenary assembly that makes decisions regardless of the interests of the countries that are part of the body.
4- have legal autonomy that prevents States from making decisions in their favor that may harm collective interests. This means that organisms have the ability to manifest an autonomous will.
It is possible to group international organizations according to different issues. There are international consultation bodies , which are in a position to suggest measures to the members but not to impose them, and others with full powers (with binding decisions). There are also permanent international organizations and others created for certain particular periods of time.

The United Nations Organization ( UN ), the Southern Common Market ( Mercosur ) and the European Union ( EU ) are some of the most important international organizations in the world.
The idea of ​​creating international organizations arose as a way of trying to ensure a harmonious coexistence between the different countries into which the planet is divided. Many of the problems that the States have cannot be solved within their borders, therefore they have external entities (made up in equal parts by the countries between which the agreement has been made) that intercede to advocate for peace and security. of the world .
International organizations interfere, for example, in matters related to international trade, telecommunications or humanitarian actions. Likewise, in order to ensure the proper functioning of these organizations , institutions linked to them are created that allow structuring the actions of international relations.
Depending on the rules established in the creation (their admission rules) of each body, the States can participate freely. As defined by the author Manuel de Velazco, it could be said that international organizations are voluntary associations created through agreements between different states in order to manage certain collective interests.

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