What is information processing?
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What Does information processing Mean
The idea of information processing is used to refer to a theory developed in the field of psychology by the cognitivist current . It is a way of analyzing the functioning of the human mind from an analogy with the work done by computers ( computers ).
According to the information processing theory , the human mind develops a sequential and successive operation that begins with the perception and input of information (a stage known as input ), continues with the storage and interpretation that allows to produce a response (the instance of the processing itself) and ends with the output of that response ( output ).
In this framework, memory plays a fundamental role. Information processing theory tends to appeal to certain structural models that distinguish between various kinds of memory. The sensory memory is responsible for collecting the information, which is stored by a small interval in the short term memory . From there, meanwhile, it can be directed to long-term memory .
The information processing, in short, allows incorporating knowledge to the data that is already stored in memory. In the process, meaning is added to new information by establishing relationships with other stored content, material is organized, and contexts are developed. All these actions make learning possible .
Returning to the analogy with computers , it is understood that the brain is a physical support that resembles hardware . The cognitive functions such as language and memory , equivalent to the software .