What is indirect modifier?

What Does indirect modifier Mean

The idea of modifier is used in the field of grammar to refer to a linguistic element that introduces a modification in another. The indirect modifiers are part of this set.

Before proceeding with the definition of an indirect modifier, it is important to remember that bimembre sentences have two members (that is, two syntactic constituents). In this way, they can be divided into a subject and a predicate .
In the subject of two-member sentences, the word that plays the most important role is called the nucleus . This core , in turn, can be influenced by different modifiers.

Returning to the idea of an indirect modifier, it is in charge of modifying the nucleus through a preposition . Indirect modifiers, therefore, are words like "to" , "before" , "under" , "with" , "from" , "from" , "in" , "to" , "according to" and "on" , among many others, that act as subordinating links and are linked to another term.
Take for example the expression "The back room is messy" . In this two-part sentence, "The back room" is the subject, while "is messy" is the predicate. The core of the subject is "fourth" , on which the indirect modifier "back" and the direct modifier "El" affect . It should be noted that prepositions are invariable: they do not change by number or by gender.
Other examples of sentences to understand what the indirect modifier is and how they work are these:

- "The language teacher stands out for explaining the subject very well." In this case, “de Lengua” is the indirect modifier.

- "The cleaning room is a real mess." Here "cleanliness" is the indirect modifier.

- "This movie about spies has been especially interesting to me." This time "about spies" comes to function as an indirect modifier.

- "The philosophy book is really difficult for me to understand." Here "philosophy" comes to act as IM.

- "I don't like striped shirts at all." In this case, "striped" would be the indirect modifier.

- "My work colleagues I have to say that they are like a second family to me." In this sentence the MI is "for work".
In addition to all the above, it is necessary not to confuse the indirect modifier with the direct modifier. Specifically, we can state that the latter becomes the element that is responsible for accompanying the core noun of the subject. Also, it is important to know that this direct modifier (DM) can be an adjective, a pronoun and an article. In addition, it has the particularity that it agrees both in gender and in number with the aforementioned core of the subject.

An example of the direct modifier can be found in this sentence: "Lying is something to avoid at all costs." In that, the MD is none other than "the".
Let's look at another bimembre sentence: "The woman in the hat is screaming . " In the subject "The woman with a hat" , the indirect modifier "with a hat" appears linked to the nucleus "woman" , as does the direct modifier "La" . The predicate of the expression, meanwhile, is "is screaming . "

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