What is hyperactivity?
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What Does hyperactivity Mean
It is called hyperactivity to behavior that is characterized by excessive activity and unusual . It is a childhood conduct disorder that leads the child to not be able to stay still.
Some examples where the term appears may be: "This boy's hyperactivity is a punishment for his babysitter" , "The pediatrician recommended that I take Martín to play sports to keep his hyperactivity under control" , "As a child I was characterized by hyperactivity He never sat for more than ten minutes . '
This disorder not only afflicts the child during the hours in which he is awake, but also during the sleep stage, keeping him permanently active . The symptoms of this behavioral disorder that affects many children, range from climbing on furniture to running without stopping, passing through the widest range of movements.
Hyperactive children have a lot of energy , so their parents have to find a way so that this energy can be channeled and exploited in a beneficial way for the little one.
Hyperactivity originates from neurobiological factors , in which genetics have a great impact. That is why your treatment may include the provision of drugs.
Symptoms and Treatment
This disorder was first described in 1902 by George Still . The specialist said that those children who suffer from it have developed a very intense motor activity and therefore need to be in constant movement. In turn, when they are surrounded by other people, their hyperactivity increases, especially when they are strangers or individuals whom they do not see frequently. To himself, being alone, the pace of activity slows down considerably.
The same author clearly described the profile of a hyperactive child and highlighted the importance of helping them because this rhythm of life (which is not voluntary) can be highly harmful to them.
According to the specialist, these children show a destructive attitude and are not sensitized through punishments, on the contrary they seem to become more restless and unstable. In addition, they are creatures who are very difficult to educate, because it is very difficult for them to stay thinking or doing the same thing for a long time; They have a normal IQ , but they do not seem to be able to perform accordingly (due to the restlessness reflected in movements, impulse behaviors and emotional imbalances, it must be added that these people are easily distracted).
On the other hand, they have a very low margin of tolerance.in the face of frustrations, which leads them to become stubborn and persistent in achieving their goals no matter what. Regarding their moods , they usually go from moments of intense joy to uncontrolled crying, showing a highly fluctuating emotional imbalance.
Still divided this disorder into several stages, each one characterized by displaying particular attitudes:
* From 0 to 2 years : You may notice problems in the rhythm of sleep and while the child is feeding. Startles, resistance to normal care, irritability, etc.
* From 2 to 3 years : Difficulties expressing themselves , excessive activity and little awareness of dangerous situations, they often suffer numerous accidents.
* From 4 to 5 years : They manifest clear complications to adapt to a group , systematically disobey and have difficulties to respect the limits.
* From 6 years onwards : They present great impulsiveness and learning problemscaused by attention deficit. They also show relationship problems.
The treatment for hyperactivity depends on each individual situation, there are more complex than others, and only in extreme cases resort to stimulants and other pharmacological supplements that help the child focus better. Above all, it is recommended that children with hyperactivity be supervised through a psychotherapeutic treatment that helps them improve not only their concentration but also in dealing with other people, in order to give them a life healthier. There are also other types of cognitive- oriented treatments , which seek to recover in the child the desire to learn and dedicate himself to something with special attention, and improve his communication with the environment.
Es importante destacar por último, que la hiperactividad propicia problemas en el aprendizaje y se vincula a diversas alteraciones psicológicas, como el desarrollo de fobias, problemas de autoestima, ansiedad crónica o hasta depresión. Por todo esto, es primordial que los niños hiperactivos reciban un tratamiento adecuado para canalizar correctamente la energía.