What is holon?

What Does holon Mean

The Hungarian writer Arthur Koestler (1905-1983) coined the term holon in 1967 , when he published his book “The Ghost in the Machine” . The concept, in the field of philosophy , refers to that which is simultaneously a part and a whole .

A holon, therefore, is a component of something greater and, at the same time, it is composed of minor elements . Holons influence the larger entities and are influenced by the smaller fractions that form it.

The existence of holons implies a bidirectional flow of information between structures of different size or magnitude. When the parts do not recognize their subordination to the whole, or when the whole does not admit its dependence on the subsidiary parts, the system stops working properly.
It can be said that everything that exists is a holon . Or, put another way, that there is nothing that exists and is not a holon. The reality , in this context, is composed of holons: wholes that are part of other wholes.
The idea of holon is linked to the notion of holism . This word refers to the doctrine that understands reality as a whole that is different from the aggregation of the parts that make it up.
In physics , a holon is a quasiparticle (a recognizable entity in certain systems with interacting particles). Also called charge , this quasiparticle arises when the spin charge is separated from the electron. At a theoretical level, the electron is considered to be the union of the holon and two other quasiparticles called orbiton and spinon .

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