What is headache?

What Does headache Mean

The classical Arabic word šaqīqah came to the Hispanic Arabic as šaqíqa , from which comes the term migraine . So it is called a sore head high intensity that usually appears on a recurring basis.

Migraine is felt on one side of the head and is linked to vascular problems in the brain . In some cases the disorder also includes nausea and vomiting .
Also called migraine , migraine is a type of headache (headache). It is a throbbing discomfort that affects women more frequently and in which genetic predisposition plays a relevant role.

High blood pressure , allergic syndromes, anxiety disorders and liver disorders can cause migraine. A distinction is generally made between tension headache (the most common), cluster headache (that breaks out in successive attacks), and secondary headache (caused by a brain tumor, meningitis, flu, or other causes).
It should be noted that various environmental factors can cause migraine. The stress , fasting, eating certain foods and drinks (coffee, red wine, chocolate), lack of sleep and even abrupt changes in atmospheric pressure appear among the possible causes of this headache.
Once the migraine attack has been triggered, the most frequent treatment consists of the use of painkillers and rest. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen are the most popular. Anyway, when these symptoms appear - and especially if the migraine is periodic and disabling - it is best to consult a doctor and not self-medicate.
It is known by the name of ophthalmic migraine , on the other hand, a crisis of headaches accompanied by other symptoms, in particular alterations in vision. Other names for this disorder are ophthalmic or optic migraine . Like the common migraine, it also affects women in particular.
Its main symptoms are also shared with the common migraine:
* a headache that starts very quickly and usually affects only one side;
* the progressive increase in pain along with the evolution of the crisis;
* before physical efforts, exposure to certain sounds or light, the pain becomes more intense;
* nausea and / or vomiting.
What differentiates ophthalmic migraine from the common one are the visual signs that accompany these symptoms , and that can appear before or after the attack. Among them, the following stand out:

* blurred vision;
* scotomas, very small points that are general in the center of the visual field and that sometimes appear together with flashing lights that are called flashes . In some cases its extension can cover the entire field of vision, considerably hindering the situation of the subject;
* double vision .
Although the possible causes of ophthalmic migraine are many, it is possible to summarize them in the following six:
* few hours of sleep or disturbances in normal sleep patterns;
* hereditary genetic factors;
* hormonal changes;
* constant exposure to stressful situations;
* Very frequent tobacco or alcohol consumption;
* consumption of certain drugs or foods.
Regarding the treatment of ophthalmic migraine, we can say that it varies according to its approach, which can be to address the symptoms that are noticed in the crises or to prevent them and reduce their frequency and severity. In cases that include photophobia , that is, the light affects the patient in a negative way, it is recommended to rest in the dark. Pain relievers can be used to treat pain, and for those who have seizures too often, propranolol or other similar molecules can be given to make daily life easier.

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