What is groin strain?

A groin strain is an injury to the groin region in which one or more muscles of the adductor group of the inner thigh separate from the tendon that attaches it to the pelvis. More severe strains may be accompanied by partial or complete tears in which the muscle separates from the tendon or the tendon separates from the bone. A groin strain should not be confused with an inguinal hernia, in which the lining of the abdominal cavity, or peritoneum, pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscle wall above, forming a bulge along or near from the inguinal crease, the oblique line denoting where the leg meets the torso.

Commonly known as a pulled groin, a groin strain involves one or more of the five muscles of the adductor group: the pectineus, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, and gracilis. All five originate from the pubic bone in the lower pelvis and run down the inner thigh to join the femur or thigh bone, with the exception of the gracilis, which crosses the knee joint and joins the top of the tibia in the lower leg. . These muscles are responsible for drawing the leg inward towards the midline of the body from an extended position, such as when jumping the feet together during a jump.

A groin strain occurs where these muscles attach, via tendons, to the pubic bone. This injury is the result of sudden abduction of the leg, either by suddenly moving the feet apart, abruptly walking sideways, or lifting the leg to the side with too much force, causing excessive pulling of the muscles and their tendons. Therefore, it is common among hockey, soccer, and football players, and martial artists, all of whom must perform explosive lower-body lateral movements. Examples of movements that can cause groin strain are quick changes of direction, such as in football or soccer, abrupt lateral acceleration, such as in ice skating, or, in the case of martial arts, a lateral kick. fast. The risk of this injury increases with inexperienced or unconditioned athletes.

Symptoms of a groin strain can range from mild discomfort in the groin to severe pain, bruising, swelling, and difficulty moving the area. The recommended treatment generally includes rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE) immediately after the injury. Ongoing treatment may include over-the-counter anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen, rest, and light stretching, with a gradual return to exercise.

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