What is GMI?

What Does GMI Mean

The International Chess Federation (whose acronym is FIDE , according to its French name: Fédération Internationale des Échecs ) is the organization that is in charge of distinguishing the best chess players through a decoration that goes by the name of International Grand Master .

This title is abbreviated with the corresponding initials ( GMI ) or as GM . It is a lifetime recognition that more than 1,000 chess players have already received. Russia , Ukraine and Germany are the countries with the highest number of GMIs. At the Latin American level, Cuba , Brazil and Argentina are the nations that have the largest number of players worthy of this honor.

When awarding this distinction, FIDE takes into account that the chess player has achieved more than two positive results (or norms ) in tournaments where other GMIs compete . It is also taken into account if at any time more than 2,500 has been reached in the Elo score . It should be noted that a norm is achieved when performances greater than 2,601 are achieved against opponents of at least five different nationalities and that at least half of them have some internationally recognized title.
It should be noted that FIDE also awards decorations such as the International Master ( MI ) and the FIDE Master ( MF ).
According to this year's data, the youngest GMIs of all time were the Ukrainian Sergey Karjakin (12 years and 7 months), the Indian Parimarjan Negi (13 years, 4 months and 22 days) and the Norwegian Magnus Carlsen ( 13 years, 4 months and 27 days).
Brief history of the award
The first to be proclaimed world chess champion was Wilhelm Steinitz in 1866, in fact it was he who proclaimed himself that way and no one could contradict him, after the indisputable victory he had achieved against the chess player Adolf Anderssen. After those came a string of victories that reaffirmed his uniqueness in the world.
In 1883, when Johannes Zuhertort beat Steinitz in the London tournament, he was considered champion and this led to a confrontation between the two players that ended in the creation of the First World Chess Championship, but there was still no official body that regulated the conditions of the matches. . It was not until 1948, after the death of the then world champion, Alexander Alekhine, that the bases and regulations that would later govern the official confrontations were specified , the one in charge of carrying out this work was the FIDE (which had been created in 1924).
In 1993, the then champion Garry Kasparov, after facing serious conflicts with the FIDE body, decided to create his own chess school by establishing a new world championship that competed in parallel with the GMI. For a decade, chess presented both competitions as fundamental in the world of chess, until 2006, the year in which Garry managed to unify both awards.

It is important to note that Kasparov has several records in his history : that of being number 1 in the world for a longer period of time, he retired being number 1 in the world and having a number of 2812 points, he was the player who He had the highest average score between February 1985 and October 2004 and has the highest all-time average score of 2851 ELO points, beating Bobby Fisher .
Some names that are unquestionable in terms of their ability to firmly dominate this game are: Ruy López de Segura, Emanuel Lasker, Alexander Alekhine, José Raúl Capablanca, Mijaíl Botvínnik or Bobby Fischer, Anatoli Kárpov and Garry Kaspárov, some of who have received this award and others who have not.
As for the best chess players of today, there are International Grandmasters such as Viswanathan Anand , Vladimir Krámnik , Aleksandr Morozévich and Veselin Topalov .

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