What is geranium?

What Does geranium Mean

The Greek word geránion derived from the Latin term geranĭon , which came to Castilian as geranium . This is the name of the plant that makes up the family group of geraniaceae , in turn belonging to angiosperms .

Due to their characteristics, geraniums are both angiosperms (their carpels make up an ovary that contains the ovules) and phanerogams (their reproductive organs can be seen in the shape of a flower , where fertilization takes place) and dicotyledons (their embryo has two cotyledons). These plants are native to the African continent, although they are currently cultivated in much of the world.

Geraniums can have stems up to forty centimeters tall. They have petiolate and opposite leaves, flowers of various colors, and capsule-shaped fruits with one seed each. According to the color and aroma of the flowers and the characteristics of the leaves, it is possible to distinguish between hundreds of species of geraniums.
Because of the beauty and fragrance of their flowers, geraniums are often grown for landscaping purposes . They grow in soils that are not too humid, with a need for light that depends on the species: some require full sun and others, shade.
Like any plant, geraniums can be attacked by pests or suffer from disease . The mites , the aphids and slugs are some of the animals that can affect it , while fungi can grow in their leaves, staining them.
In this framework, it should be noted that one of the pests that affects these plants is the geranium butterfly , which is native to South Africa but reached the Mediterranean region. This lepidopteran eats the leaves of geraniums in its caterpillar stage.
As with almost all plants, geranium has a number of medicinal properties that make it very beneficial for humans. For this reason, its use is not limited to home decoration, but is also used in herbal teas and other preparations. Let's see some of its benefits below:
* It is analgesic : geranium can soothe various pain, both mild and intense, and also those that occur chronically. For this you must prepare a tea with its leaves. It is important to note that its effects are temporary, so it is not a definitive treatment;
* reduces stress : geranium tea is very relaxing, and not only acts on physical pain, but also on bad mood and stress. Precisely, thanks to its chemical components, it acts on the endocrine system and collaborates with the balance of hormones that destabilize us emotionally;

* It is anti- inflammatory : another of the properties of geranium can be seen in the treatment of muscular, joint and intestinal inflammations;
* It is digestive : the bacteria that cause gastrointestinal discomfort and hinder proper digestion can be fought with the intake of geranium;
* Strengthens the immune system : for cases of flu or cold, geranium offers a series of antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic properties, which can be used by chewing its leaves or drinking an infusion;
* improves the health of the kidneys : its volatile components strengthen the kidneys stimulate the action of urination, thanks to which excess fat, water and salts are eliminated .
In short, geranium can be consumed in the form of an infusion or by chewing its leaves directly to take advantage of a large number of benefits. In addition to those mentioned in the list above, some problems you can treat include hemorrhoids, ringworm, tonsillitis, diarrhea, rheumatism, and skin wounds. On the other hand, its essential oil is also used with different objectives that go from aromatizing environments to flavoring foods.

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