What is geographical position?

What Does geographical position Mean

Position is the pose or posture of something or someone. The concept can also be used with reference to its arrangement or location . Geographical , meanwhile, is an adjective that names what is linked to geography (the science that is responsible for describing our planet).

The notion of geographical position , therefore, is associated with a location on Earth . By knowing the geographical position of a city, for example, it is possible to locate it on a map and know where it is.
To determine the geographical position, two coordinate axes are used. On the one hand, the latitude of the point in question is measured (through lines known as parallels ) and, on the other, the longitude (whose lines are the meridians ). From this coordinate system , you can locate any point on the earth's surface.

Those points that lie to the north of the Ecuador are identified as N (by North ), while those located to the south of this line are named as S ( South ). It should be noted that the degrees of latitude range from 0 to 90, the equator being at 0 ° latitude . The longitude 0 ° , for its part, is the Greenwich meridian , and the points are divided according to whether they are west or east.
Take the case of Madrid , the Spanish capital. The geographical position of this city is 40 ° 25'08 "N 3 ° 41'31" O . Barcelona , another city in Spain , is in the geographical position 41 ° 22.25 'N 2 ° 10'37 "E . If we compare both geographical positions, we will notice that the two localities are north of the equator; Madrid is to the west of Greenwich and Barcelona to the east.
There are certain concepts related to geographic position, some of which are often erroneously used interchangeably. In the first place, there is the geographical location , which includes all the methods used to study geographical context, such as the use of the geographical coordinates mentioned above; In short, geographic position is one of the results of applying some geographic location technique .
The geographical position makes it possible to locate a point on the planet through absolute values , that is, not relative; a point that is defined taking into account latitude and longitude, and that cannot be interpreted in two different ways, but always leads to the same place (unless the Earth undergoes considerable alterations on its surface, of course).

On the other hand, there are certain concepts that offer relative results, such as dispersion or concentration , which characterize the distribution of a geographical phenomenon , qualifying it as dispersed or concentrated ; This serves, for example, to study the location of industries or water wells in a certain region, or the way in which houses are spread out in a rural space.
The gradients (a vector field that determines the direction in which a change occurs more rapidly and the pace of change) allow to speak of a distribution east-west , north-south or center-periphery , for example. Again, this measurement differs from geographic position because it does not provide absolute results.
Another of the concepts related to the geographical position that yield relative values is the location , which serves to determine the relationship of a city with its immediate geographical context; for example, it is seen in descriptions such as on the top of a mountain or next to the bank of a river .
The geographical situation , on the other hand, indicates the relationship of a city with its more distant context ; for example, taking two other cities as a reference when it is in the middle between the two.

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