What is gender?
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What Does gender Mean
Originating in the Latin genus / generis , the notion of gender has a multiplicity of uses and applications depending on the area in which the word is used. Here are some of the definitions it has.
In the field of commerce, gender can be synonymous with merchandise (the product that is offered for sale), fabric or cloth . For example, they say: "We have no more fabrics to offer" , "We work with silk and linen fabrics to make our shirts" or "The design is beautiful, but the quality of the fabric leaves much to be desired" .
On the scientific level, gender indicates one of the forms of grouping of living beings , according to those characteristics that several of them can share with each other. For biology , for example, the genus is a taxon that allows species to be grouped. Thus we can say that the dog is an animal that belongs to the genus Canis, which can also include wolves, coyotes and other species. While in sociology and other social sciences, gender is linked to sexuality and the values and behaviors that are attributed according to sex.
In the arts , genre is a category or classification used to organize works according to their formal characteristics or content.
With regard to the literary world, the term genre serves to differentiate between works of different characteristics. It is important first of all, to emphasize that the definition of literary genre is related to the rhetorical and semiotic characteristics that make certain texts are located in the same set.
Although a long time has passed, literary discourse is divided into the same three clear genres that Aristotle defined in Classical Greece ( lyrical, narrative and dramatic ). Each of them denotes three aesthetic ways in which human beings relate to the world; and as with the passage of time other forms of expression have emerged that are not so closely linked to this classification, it is that subgenres have been created, which allow to establish greater clarity in the differences between texts of a diverse nature.
The lyric is the literary genre that is closest to the emotions, which allows express feelings almost directly. The poetry is in this genre and allows the author reflects his feelings, is written in verse form and one of its key elements is rhythm.
Some of the subgenres that are included in the lyric are the eclogue (representation of a country-type image, where the subject of communication between man and nature is discussed ), the elegy (poetry that touches the subject of death) , ode (mostly love praises, sung poetry), satire (ridicule of certain defects of people, society or religion, for example), among others.
The narrative genre includes those works where stories written in prose form and that have a certain characteristic are told, in terms of who tells the story and how it develops.
In a narrative work there can be several types of narrator . In the third person: he can be omniscient (he has full knowledge of the facts and the reasoning of all the characters. He does not participate in the story, he simply narrates it) or an observer (he tells what he sees, as if it were a camera that captures the environment and details what happens in a given space). In the first person: it can be the protagonist (in the case of an autobiography, either real or fictional) or secondary(He has witnessed the development of events, is a witness to what is told in the story and interacts with some or all of the characters in it). In the second person the narrator speaks using the second person singular (he tells the story to himself or to some other self of his personality).
On the other hand, the structure of a narrative text can vary but generally respects the following aspects. Presentation or beginning (where the beginning of the story is raised, the characters are described, etc.), development or knot (a clear conflict is presented that must be resolved) end or outcome (solution of the conflict and closing of the story).
Algunos ejemplos de este tipo es el relato (narración breve que en algunos casos puede dejar una enseñanza), la novela (varias historias narradas a través de un hilo que puede mantenerlas unidas) y la narración épica (escrita en verso o prosa donde se narra una historia con personajes reales cuya historia puede o no ser real. Ejemplo: Poema de Mío Cid).
El tercer género, el dramático se caracteriza por ser una historia donde no existe un narrador, sino que ha sido escrita para ser representada delante de un público. Estas obras se encuentran principalmente escritas en forma apelativa y expresiva.
Alguno de los subgéneros dentro del drama son la comedia (experiencias de la vida desde una visión cómica y con un final feliz) y la tragedia (conflictos sumamente complicados entre diferentes individuos, donde intenta cautivarse al espectador y provocar sentimientos de compasión, tristeza y comprensión).
Así como ocurre en la literatura, en el cine, las películas suelen dividirse en géneros como comedia, acción, drama o suspenso, lo que le permite a los espectadores saber cuáles serán las características o el estilo de las propuestas aún antes de verlas. Por poner un ejemplo, se espera que una cinta del género del terror busque impactar y atemorizar al público con imágenes tenebrosas que generen la producción de adrenalina y despierten ciertos instintos en los espectadores; cuando una película que se encuentra dentro de este género no consigue dichos fines, se dice que no está a la altura de las necesidades del género.