What is gardening?

What Does gardening Mean

Gardening is the art or trade of caring for and cultivating a garden , understood as the land where plants with ornamental motifs are grown.When we talk about gardening, we are thinking about the health and growth of the plants and the fact that they complete a life cycle in good condition.

This activity is an attempt to tame nature, from the most modest family garden to large public parks. Gardening has important repercussions on the landscape, the soil, the rivers, the atmosphere, the fauna and flora.

The functions of gardening are to plan, carry out and maintain gardens. The gardener is responsible for independently and precisely preparing the land, planting plant elements, maintenance work ; using the appropriate manual and mechanical techniques and means. This, in turn, must have great knowledge of botany, agriculture and architecture.

The origins of gardening date back to about 7,000 years with the cultivation of plants for food, the first evidences of ornamental gardens were found in Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Greece, Rome and the Western world there were huge gardens, most of them with a religious concept.

The beautiful Renaissance gardens were made to satisfy the luxury of the European courts. It was not until the 19th century that the concept of a garden open to the public developed with a view to such a function . Today, gardening has been introduced into urban planning in cities.

Gardening is intimately linked with landscaping , which tries to harmonize nature with itself and with the hand of man , it would not exist without gardening, because it involves plants and flowers , along with other harmonizing factors: textures, materials , natural or artificial relief , elements such as water, ponds, waterfalls, among others.

Proper gardening and landscaping in accordance with the surrounding environment helps to increase the quality of life of the population in terms of health, social well-being and comfort. In the smallest town or in the largest metropolis we find gardening and landscaping of the most diverse nature.

Gardening is the art and craft of the gardener (the person who takes care of and cultivates a garden ). Gardening can take place in open or closed spaces either for aesthetic reasons, for food reasons or for other reasons.

For example: "I am going to take a gardening course to plant vegetables in my house" , "Grandfather spends several hours a day gardening" , "I must congratulate you: your house is a masterpiece of gardening" .
The concept began to be used in the late 13th century . The specialists Olivier de Serres and Dézallier d'Argenville were the first theorists of this art , which involves the cultivation and care of plants, flowers, trees, vegetables, etc.

It is possible to differentiate between gardening and horticulture . The first is developed for personal or family use and enjoyment, and generally has the objective of beautifying a space; horticulture, for its part, consists of the production of vegetables for consumption . Some theorists tend to differentiate both concepts as the cultivation for personal ends (gardening) and for its commercialization or profit (horticulture); however, this differentiation is not entirely accurate, and we will explain why.

Gardening is defined as the art of the gardener, this being the individual in charge of taking care of a garden. For its part, a garden is defined as a land where plants are grown for ornamental purposes .
On the other hand, if we try to understand the meaning of the word horticulture we will find that it means "cultivation of gardens"; this being a space where vegetables and fruit trees are planted.

Gardening does not require a lot of capital or mechanical means. Although it depends on its extensions, a garden can generally be tended with a few instruments, such as a rake, a shovel, a watering can and a wheelbarrow. The case of agriculture is different , which involves the start-up of tractors, the installation of irrigation systems and the use of fertilizers.

The first gardens, created in Ancient Egypt , had strong social connotations. These gardens symbolized prosperity and success. Over time that idea changed and the gardens began to be more massive, even with the creation of public gardens and open to the public.

Tips for getting into gardening
To take the first steps in the world of gardening, it is essential to keep in mind a series of tips that will be essential for the success of the work.
1) Understand how plants work : At first glance, the gardener's art can be simple; However, before starting to develop it, it is essential to find out about how plants live. They have a way of eating and needs totally different from ours, so being aware of that will ensure success in the task.

2) To each plant its needs : Just as no two humans are alike, plants are not identical either. Therefore, we must first know who they are and what their needs are, to know if with the material we have (land, climate, space) we can satisfy these requirements, and ensure a healthy and happy life for the plant.
3) Determine the characteristics of your garden : Before planting our first seed we must bear in mind that each plant has its own biological and environmental needs. Therefore, we will have to make an exhaustive analysis of the land we have to know what to plant, when and how. For this we will also have to know the climatic characteristics of the environment, to know what care we should take in this regard in the different seasons of the year.
4) Choose the plants according to your garden : Once we know what our soil is like and how it is convenient for us to work it, we will have to choose the species that will make up our garden; They should not be chosen for being beautiful, but depending on the space we have and, above all, on the light.

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