What is gamma?

What Does gamma Mean

In the Greek alphabet , gamma is the third letter ( γ in lowercase or Γ in uppercase). It is, according to the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ), a letter corresponding to the G of the Latin alphabet.

The idea of ​​gamma is used in physics to refer to the unit of measurement that is equal to one millionth of a gram . As a unit of weight, therefore, a gamma is equivalent to one microgram .
A gamma or microgram is often used when it is necessary to refer to a minute quantity of a component of a sample . In chemical analysis, a spectrophotometer or analytical balance can be used to measure these units.

It is called gamma rays , on the other hand, the electromagnetic waves that are produced when particles are annihilated or in the framework of a nuclear transition. These rays are characterized by their penetrating power due to their high energy , resulting more penetrating than alpha rays and beta rays .
Gamma radiation is made up of photons : particles that are part of light . Gamma rays are used to eliminate bacteria from food and to sterilize medical equipment, for example.
A gamma camera is called a system that enables the registration of images through gamma radiation. The patient is injected with a radioisotope intravenously to generate the contrast that the device captures.
The gamma camera can be used for bone, cardiology and central nervous system studies, to name a few possibilities. The procedure does not cause pain other than that generated by the injection of the radioisotope.

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