What is frustration?
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What Does frustration Mean
From Latin frustratĭo , frustration is the action and effect of frustrate (to render an attempt ineffective or fail ). It is an unpleasant feeling that occurs when a person's expectations are not met by not being able to achieve what they intended .
For psychology , frustration is a syndrome that presents various symptoms. In any case, these symptoms are all linked to emotional disintegration , which occurs at different levels and with multiple causes and consequences.
The impact of frustration on the subject varies according to the personality and various variables that are difficult to control. Frustration can trigger psychological problems , when it becomes pathological and requires professional assistance.
Frustration supposes a feeling of deprivation of a life satisfaction . For example, a child who is an only child may be frustrated if his mother becomes pregnant. When his brother is born, frustration turns into aggressive and jealous behavior.
Specifically, students of frustration have made it clear that there are three clearly defined ways of dealing with a situation of this type. Thus, in the first place, there is the aggressive one that is the one that leads the person who is experiencing that to float his anger and unload blows at the objective that causes frustration. An example to understand this type of response is when a rally driver fails to reach the finish line as a winner and begins to insistently hit his vehicle.
Second, we come across the so-called flight tool. As its name indicates, what the person who is committed to using that as a mechanism to end their frustration does is avoid it so that it does not occur and even escape from it once it takes place.
Finally, the third way to respond to any frustrating situation is that of substitution. With it, what is expressed is that the person who is living that what he does is change the same for another that does not produce that anguish.
Once the three response modalities have been exposed, it must be emphasized that among them the one that is recommended by the experts is the third, since it is considered that it is appropriate to face frustration. While the first and second are not, because with these attitudes it is not possible to solve the problem or make it disappear.
According to the theory of frustration, a paradoxical effect occurs when the so-called extinction phase begins, which leads the subject to not reinforce the behavior and, therefore, the feeling of frustration occurs.
There are different types of frustrating processes: frustration due to barrier (when there is an obstacle that prevents reaching the objective), frustration due to incompatibility of two positive objectives (there is the possibility of achieving two objectives, but these are incompatible with each other), frustration due to avoidance-avoidance conflict (flight from two negative situations) and frustration from approach-approach conflict (indecision when faced with a situation that causes positive and negative results in equal measure).