What is FRUITCULTURE?

What Does FRUITCULTURE Mean

Fruit growing is called the cultivation of fruit trees . The concept refers to the knowledge, techniques and procedures that allow this activity to be carried out successfully to obtain fruits .

It should be remembered that fruits (such as apple, grape, pear , orange and plum) are the fruits of the trees that are edible for humans. A fruit, in turn, is a product of certain plants that contains and provides protection to the seeds.
Fruit growing is usually developed with the objective of achieving the economic exploitation of fruit trees . The fruits that are obtained are harvested and commercialized, allowing the producer to earn money .

For the development of fruit growing, experts seek to improve tree genetics and optimize production techniques. This activity requires planning to make the most of the possibilities of each tree .
Fruit growing starts from soil analysis . Depending on their characteristics, added to other factors such as weather conditions and available economic resources, it is decided which species of plants are going to be cultivated. Through genetic manipulation, later on, attempts are made to improve the varieties.
Once the fruit trees reach the productive phase, you can opt for manual or mechanical harvesting. Fruit growing also takes care of the post- harvest stages : conditioning, packaging, preservation and eventual processing of the fruit until it is marketed.
It is important to note that the fruit is not only consumed fresh (raw): it can also be used to make various products, such as oils and juices .
Life in the city gives us access to all kinds of vegetable products throughout the year, something that is not natural since not all fruits and vegetables grow in any season . Of course, this "comfort" of enjoying summer fruits in winter and vice versa leads to an obvious increase in prices. Those who are dedicated to fruit growing want to take advantage of the soil from January to December, and this is possible only by sowing more than one variety so that each one can develop in the corresponding season.
In addition to this trick to avoid wasting the soil in certain seasons of the year, it is recommended to combine cultivars of different degrees of maturity (both early, medium and late) so that the harvesting period is prolonged. Another challenge that many people have is planting fruit in very small spaces, but this limitation should not prevent them from reaching their goals.

If the garden is very small then we must choose trees grafted with "dwarfing" patterns , so that they do not require as much space as natural ones. The apple tree, for example, adapts to any size of soil. Pruning is also recommended to guide them through walls or wire structures, something possible with many species of fruit trees. Fruit growing does not stop even in the case of having space for a single plant: if so, it is advisable to plant a self-fertile one , that is, it should pollinate itself.
The key question when venturing down the path of fruit growing is what are the characteristics of an ideal soil for planting fruit trees . Let's see some of the most important:
* must be frank, intermediate. Neither sandy nor clayey;

* with a depth of at least 1 meter before impenetrable layers (such as rocky ones) or too hard appear;

* rich in nutrients and organic matter ;

* that does not tend to accumulate too much water but that it drains easily;

* its pH must be between 6 and 7.
If the soil has at least 10% limestone, it is considered limestone and is not suitable for planting nectarines, peaches, avocado, pear, kiwi or citrus.

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