What is framing?
What Does framing Mean
The frame is the act and the result of frame : adjust to a frame , set limits, fit. In photography, television and film, the setting is called the setting recorded by the objective (lens) of the camera in each shot.
The action of framing, therefore, involves delimiting a scene through the camera lens . The result of this procedure is known as framing.
Before framing, it is usual to make a composition : the grouping and combination of the elements that will be photographed or filmed. The aim is that the result is balanced and harmonious.
Framing can be understood as the recording of a clipping of reality based on the choice and organization of the elements that will appear in an image. The photographer or videographer determines the framing through the composition and the fragment of the scene that he decides to capture.
Usually in all images there is a motif (that which justifies the scene) and a background (everything that surrounds the motif). The subject should be the main element of the frame: in this way, the person portraying the scene must make sure to exclude what may be distracting. In turn, it is important that you keep a margin around the motif so that it can show off.
Photographers assure that photographs are taken first with the eyes, meaning that the perfect combination of scene , lighting and framing must be found , and then captured by means of a camera. The main difference between our vision and a lens lies in the limits, and that is why it is so important to learn to take advantage of the edges to enhance the effects of our work.
Although it may not seem like it, getting a good framing for a photograph or a film is something that not many people can achieve, since it is a combination of talent, good taste and many technical concepts. The most common mistake we make when portraying an object or subject is placing it in the exact center of the frame, something that can be useful on certain occasions but deprives the final work of movement.
There are three fundamental ways in which we can frame a photograph:
* decide in advance the characteristics of the frame, and then configure the camera so that the parameters allow us to realize our idea;
* compose the image as we frame it. This may seem less professional, but if it is an unforeseen situation there is no way to plan ahead for the composition;
* take the picture and then adjust the frame using a digital tool on a computer.
Framing in post-production is very common these days, both in photography and video, and can give very satisfactory results if done with good taste. However, it has a limitation impossible to ignore: the resolution of the original image is crucial when choosing a frame, since we cannot enlarge it indefinitely.
This digital framing technique is widely used in nature photography, where very often we find unmissable moments that we must capture without time to make decisions about composition. A good tip is to use the highest possible resolution and save in raw format ( RAW ), to have as much information as possible when working on the computer.
In the context of social sciences , on the other hand, framing is called the scheme that allows a person to interpret reality and react to it. These are psychological structures that allow the subject to give the world meaning.