What is folklore?

What Does folklore Mean

Folklore is a word from the English language that is also used in our language, although, according to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) , folklore is written . Sometimes, it may appear written as folklore , folklore or folklore .

The term refers to the set of beliefs, practices and customs that are traditional to a people or culture . It is also known as folklore, the discipline that studies these subjects.
Folklore includes the dances , music , legends , tales , crafts, and superstitions of the local culture, among other factors . These are traditions shared by the population and that are usually transmitted, over time, from generation to generation.

Scholars distinguish between four stages of folklore: nascent folklore includes newly created cultural features; the living folklore is one that is still practiced in everyday life; the dying folklore preserves certain traditional elements, especially in the elderly of the group; the dead folklore , however, belongs to an extinct culture.
Folklore is distinctive and typical of each town. In times of globalization, culture tends to homogenize and the dominant countries impose their creations. That is why folklore is a field of resistance for identity .
There are clubs , cultural centers and organizations that are responsible for defending folklore and transmitting it to the youngest with the intention of perpetuating it. In this way, folklore guarantees their intergenerational subsistence and does not depend only on the group of older people.
It is important to note that there are certain activities found within the folklore of a people that go against life and in favor of mistreatment, especially animals, and that there are many groups of activists who fight to change that part of the culture to adapt it to a fairer reality for all .
Culture as a tool for xenophobia
The value that roots have for a people can be a determining factor in their openness to other cultures. Although it is true that appreciating one's own is important and that it is necessary to understand where we come from in order to know where we want to go, the closedness so typical of peoples that have a well-rooted folklore is the cause in many places of important conflicts of discrimination against those who come from other countries or regions.
In many places, however, with the advance of globalization, customs are fading and losing importance or merging with currents that come from other countries. For lovers of pure culture, these are worrisome issues and the way they deal with them is by belittling what comes from other countries or trying to instill in their descendants a love for the homeland and contempt for everything that comes from outside.

The xenophobia is a problem which no country is exempt and that is the consequence of the overvaluation of ideas and customs to the detriment of humanity. In many countries there are even government plans that collaborate with discrimination and make this problem even worse .
The folklore of a people is extremely important to understand the way in which it lives, its history, how the social structure that we know today emerged, however it is important to point out that it should not contemplate abuse of any kind. Therefore, just as the jineteadas in certain Latin American countries and the bullfights in Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries should be suppressed, so should all those attitudes of the peoples in defense of their traditions if they were against solidarity and social integration.

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