What is first aid?

What Does first aid Mean

Relief from the Latin Auxilium , is a concept that is used to name the relief , shelter or yuda that is provided to someone. It is an assistance that is provided or requested in a situation of risk . First , on the other hand, it is that which precedes the others of its kind in time, place, situation, class or hierarchy.

The first aid , then, are the procedures and techniques immediacy are accorded to the persons who have been victims of an accident or an illness suddenly. These aids precede more complex and exhaustive ones, which are usually carried out in specialized places (such as a hospital or clinic).

This type of assistance, therefore, usually takes place at the scene of the accident or where the victim experiences sudden symptoms. Given the characteristics of the situation, these first aid can save a person's life.
For example: a pedestrian is hit by a car, suffering a cut to the head. An occasional witness approaches the person, who is lying on the street, and provides first aid, bandaging his head to stop the bleeding and immobilizing his neck. After this assistance, an ambulance arrives at the scene and transfers the subject to the hospital.
So important is first aid in any area of ​​life, that, for example, in Spain it is common for Secondary Education students to receive various classes to learn them. But not only that, in addition, it is frequent that in the various work centers, employees, within training in occupational risk prevention, also obtain information about the aforementioned aids.
When referring to first aid, we have to bear in mind that there are a series of principles that are established as the basis for them when it comes to achieving a favorable result for the person who has been injured or injured, for various reasons. :

• In traffic accidents, three fundamental steps or maxims must be followed: first, protect; second, to alert and third, to help.

• When there are several victims who need to be helped, it is necessary not to move them until the health authorities arrive, unless their lives are in danger. In the same way, you have to reassure them, keep them warm and do not leave them alone at any time.

• The head of the person who has suffered the accident must be at the same height as the rest of the body, except in cases where they have trouble breathing.

• In the event that the victim feels nauseous and wants to vomit, put her on her side.

• You should always take the pulse of people who have suffered the damage and check that they do not present symptoms such as bluish lips, cold skin and sweat. They do have all of them, until the ambulance arrives, you have to keep them warm at all times.

There are action protocols for first aid and courses that allow people to be trained in these matters. The ideal way to provide first aid is to have some basic nursing knowledge .
A first aid kit should have alcohol, cotton, adhesive cloth, gauze, bandages and neutral soap, among other components.

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