What is felt?
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What Does felt Mean
The concept of felt , which comes from the Germanic language, refers to a textile product that is not woven , but is formed from the conglomeration of hair, wool or other material . Felt is a cloth that is used in a variety of ways.
Most textile products are woven: they are made by crossing longitudinal threads (the warp) with transverse threads (the weft). In order for it to be possible to weave, therefore, the fibers must first be turned into threads.
Felt, on the other hand, is not a fabric . It is an element made from the union of fibers by a mechanical and thermal procedure , using steam or heat and generating pressure. The result is a homogeneous, flexible and porous sheet that stands out for its softness, elasticity and absorption capacity.
In general, the felt is usually added with a lining or lining . In this way it improves its structure , it is more resistant and it can even become waterproof. Thus, reinforced felt is used in the manufacture of rugs, hats, skirts and other products.
It should be noted that felt is often mentioned as the first textile material developed by humans . It is believed that its discovery could be linked to the tufts of wool that the sheep left attached to the trees, which became caked. Another theory indicates that prehistoric man, when using garments made with fleece, ended up discovering that the humidity of sweat allowed to obtain a compact material.
It is important to note that there are several types of felt, each with different characteristics and uses. For example, acrylic felt is ideal for use in making costumes, ornaments or a wide variety of crafts. Some of the fields in which it is used are the manufacture of toys, artificial flowers, costume jewelery and upholstery. It is possible to buy it in sheets of different colors and sizes. It is made entirely of polyester, it can be machine washed and ironed without problems.
On the other hand we have the acrylic adhesive felt , which is usually used to protect poorly resistant or delicate surfaces against friction, such as with parquet. Another application is the damping of electrical devices whose operation makes them vibrate.
The synthetic felt , meanwhile, is also offered in many colors and is easy to handle and can cut, sew and glue stick to create various products . There is also wool felt , which comes from the material that gives it its name and is therefore very soft to the touch. It has many interesting properties, such as thermal protection, great flexibility and the fact of being a good shock absorber and antistatic. Among its applications we can highlight the lining of pool tables, the elaboration of hats and decorative items.
For tasks such as soundproofing, making musical instruments , and absorbing liquids, industrial felt is used , which is sold in larger pieces than the others. Within this category we can find several materials, each one for a series of different applications.
Among the most general features of felt are the following: it is insulating; it is antistatic; it has good flexibility and cushions impacts; lasts a long time before deteriorating; offers a good degree of manipulation; effectively protects against low temperatures and noise.
With regard to the handling possibilities offered by felt, we cite the following: we can fold it, cut it, iron it, stamp it, staple it, sew it, punch it and glue it with ease. Other advantages are that its edges are not prone to wrinkles, that it does not fray and that it does not need to be washed very often.