What is felony?

What Does felony Mean

A felony is treason or perjury . It is an unfair act , reprehensible from a moral point of view.

For example: "When I saw my boyfriend kiss my best friend, I could not believe such a felony" , "The person responsible for such a felony should not receive any kind of recognition or tribute" , "The town was a victim of the felony of its rulers , who did the opposite of what they had promised to do ” .
In certain contexts, the idea of ​​felony is used as a synonym for crime . This is because the felony is a reprehensible action. However, academics recommend caution with this use of the term, as it is not appropriate in the legal field.

This association between felony and crime is linked to the word felony , from the English language. Americans resort to the concept of felony to name the crime whose penalty can range from one year in prison to life imprisonment or even the death penalty . This particularity makes it possible to speak of a felony, also in Spanish, to refer to this kind of crime.
A robbery or a murder , in this framework, are felonies. On the other hand, infractions or misdemeanors that are punishable by less than a year in prison are not called felonies, since they correspond to what is referred to in English as misdemeanor .
Finally, felony was the fault committed by the vassal who failed to fulfill the fidelity he should have towards his lord. This use of the word takes us back to the times of feudalism .
Let us remember for a moment the concepts just mentioned. The regime of feudalism was a political system that was characterized by the decentralization of power. It existed mainly in the western region of the European continent between the 10th and 11th centuries, that is, in the middle of the Middle Ages. It should be noted that there is no single version of when it started or how long it lasted. Between the 15th and 18th centuries, on the other hand, it predominated in eastern Europe.
In this context there was talk of a feudal lord and his vassal ; The latter had to swear allegiance to the former, to begin a relationship based on servitude, especially in the military and political fields, and had as a reward a certain benefit that used to be the usufruct of a territory and authority over its population.
Returning to the recommendations of the language academies for leaving this term out of the legal vocabulary, it is enough to take a look at the most common synonyms to understand that its use does not have a link with the law but with the emotional plane of the people involved: treason , disloyalty, scoundrel, infamy, perfidy and treachery are some of the most used to replace felony . Regarding its antonyms, we can mention fidelity and loyalty .

So much so that in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy itself they define it as an "ugly action", that is, one that generates displeasure in those who receive it. One of the examples presented in a previous paragraph reflects very clearly this characteristic of the felony: infidelity in the partner, particularly with someone the victim's trust. Although there are legal ways to treat this type of felony, the worst part is the irreparable wound that it generates in the deceived person.
As is often the case with other terms, felony is not used in everyday speech, but is reserved for written or academic language. At present it is not common for someone to issue a verbal accusation using this word, but instead most of the synonyms exposed so far can be used.

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