What is expansionism?

What Does expansionism Mean

The expansionism is the propensity of nation or company to expand , increasing its influence or control. Thus, expansionism implies an increase in power .

In general, a state turns expansionism for economic purposes. There are various methods that allow expansionism to develop: in some cases military attack is even used to allow territorial annexation .
Expansionism can be linked to imperialism and colonialism . In any case, it is carried out in different ways and under multiple pretexts. There are countries that justify their expansionism on issues of the past, such as the loss of territories in antiquity or the intention to reunify several currently independent entities.

Beyond the military domain , expansionism allows controlling sources of raw materials and imposing a culture . Many times it is also associated with achieving political submission .
The United States' measures with respect to Latin America are an example of expansionism. His interventions in Panama at the beginning of the 20th century , the promotion of an invasion in Cuba in 1961 and the support for coups d'état in Guatemala , Chile and other countries show the US intention to impose its interests in the region.
Cuba , for its part, resorted to expansionism to try to establish socialism in Algeria , Congo , Bolivia and other territories. He also supported movements close to the ideology of his regime, such as Chavismo in Venezuela .
In short, therefore, one speaks of expansionism to describe the intentions of a nation that its borders are extended, to obtain new lands so that its territory becomes larger at the expense of those of other countries. These are not always neighbors, since the most important thing is to impose their own traditions and improve their military strategies, something that presents different demands depending on the time and the case.
With regard to expansionism in imperial states, it is common for their desires to revolve around taking advantage of the resources of others for their own benefit , regardless of the deterioration that this exploitation implies on an economic level. It is a ruthless imposition with selfish ends that are not tolerated in a person, but in a country it can be disguised and sustained for a long time thanks to the manipulation of the news.
As mentioned in a previous paragraph, expansionism is also linked to colonialism. When Imperial Europe began to dominate different territories, both in Asia and in Africa and America, it practiced what today we define as expansionism. These colonies eventually became independent, but the pace of Europeans for their lands left a trail indelible in their culture.

At the corporate level, expansionism is reflected in the objective of monopolizing the market , leaving out competitors. In this sense, company acquisitions and mergers are key to building a monopoly or oligopoly .
It is important to note that corporate expansionism can be practiced in various ways, by different paths, although the goal is always the same: to dominate the market. The most obvious way is also the least refined: acquiring companies, large and small, that are already performing well in the market, with the intention of harnessing their success and empowering it with more money and influence .
But some companies take a more sneaky path: They invest in teams of talented people in the hopes of seeing them grow and achieve big goals. In the long term, these teams become a fundamental part of the company, and they expand it more and more, at a level that makes competition difficult given the versatility obtained by incorporating so many workers from different fields.

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