What is excommunicate?

What Does excommunicate Mean

The notion of excommunicating is used in the sphere of religion to refer to the action of excluding an individual from the use of the sacraments and from the communion of believers . The concept derives from the late Latin word excommunicāre .

By excommunicating a person , they are excluded from a community of the faithful, either temporarily or permanently. The characteristics of the excommunication can vary: in certain cases, the excommunicated person is expelled from the group and is prevented from participating in the ceremonies.
According to the Catholic catechism, excommunicating implies applying the most severe ecclesiastical sanction . Whoever is excommunicated cannot perform certain ecclesiastical acts or receive the sacraments .

Excommunication represents a breaking of the bond that unites the subject to God through the Church. The excommunicated person can no longer participate in communion, although he is not necessarily outside the Church.
There are different mechanisms to excommunicate a faithful. In some cases, excommunication is carried out through a formal process that generates the obligation once the sanction has been imposed . There is also automatic excommunication , which occurs in the face of a very serious offense (such as heresy or apostasy).
It is known by the name of heresy to a theory or belief that generates controversy, generally in the field of religion, for confronting dogma, that is, everything that is considered true and undeniable in that context. The etymology of this term takes us to the Greek, where it was understood as "a group of believers with a certain opinion about the doctrine." In short, heresy is a divergent opinion, which the authorities do not usually tolerate and it is then that the conflict can lead to excommunication.
The term heresy is often confused with apostasy , although the latter is defined as the renunciation, denial or renouncement of the faith , also in the field of religion. It should be noted that it has other meanings, such as the following: the abandonment or departure of an order irregularly; the act of a cleric to dispense with his status with a certain frequency, thus breaching his obligations; the abandonment of a doctrine in favor of a new one.
It is important to note that an excommunicated religious can not perform functions or fulfill ecclesiastical offices. Nor can he administer or receive the sacraments.
The absolution of an excommunication can be decided by an authorized priest, a bishop, or the pope . In the face of danger of death, however, all priests are entitled to absolve an excommunication.

Within the scope of Christian churches, excommunicating a believer means preventing him from participating in the Eucharist, that is, the moment of Mass in which the priest distributes the sacrament of the body and blood of Jesus through blessed wine and bread. Other names by which the Eucharist are known Supper the Lord , Sacrament , Blessed Sacrament , Fraction of the Bread and Holy Mysteries .
The prohibition to participate in the Eucharist when excommunicating a religious person is a very old measure, since it began in the year 306 with the Council of Elvira , which once again put into effect the pronunciation of certain curses called anathemas for condemn those who respected doctrines that were opposed to orthodoxy. This council is also called Ilíberis , and it was the first to have been held in Baetica (also called Hispania ), one of the Roman provinces located in the Iberian Peninsula. It is estimated that the city in which it took place, that is Ilíberis, was located a short distance from today's Granada or even within it.

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