What is ethnicity?

What Does ethnicity Mean

The term ethnic comes from a Greek word that means people or nation . It is a human community that shares a cultural affinity that allows its members to feel identified with each other. Beyond shared history , members currently maintain similar cultural practices and social behaviors.

In general, the communities that form an ethnic group claim their own territory and a political structure in order to meet their social needs. In any case, there are national states that are multi-ethnic : the important thing is that, in any case, the rights of minorities are respected.

Although the notion of ethnicity is usually associated with the concept of race , both words do not refer to the same thing. Ethnicity includes cultural factors, such as traditions, language, and religious beliefs. Race, on the other hand, indicates the morphological characteristics of a human group (skin color, facial features, texture, etc.).
There are those who oppose this type of ethnic or racial classifications since they tend to promote aggression and violence. The fact of identifying as part of a social group can lead a person to an exacerbated defense of their particularity and to enter into conflict with members of other groups. This situation, which can even be encouraged by politics , ends up undermining the idea of ​​the international community. People lose awareness of their belonging to the human species and circumscribe their sense of belonging to their ethnic group.
Differences between ethnicity and race
These two concepts are often confused or used without understanding the differences between them. However, despite being both terms that serve to characterize a society, they do so from different perspectives .
While an ethnic group refers to the cultural aspects of a people , which are highly linked to a history; race encompasses the physical and biological traits that are representative of it.
In an ethnic group they come together a series of cultural, linguistic, religious and behavioral framed in a practical structure social, political and, although not essential, territorial.
The racial categories include those most visible biological aspects, such as skin pigmentation and certain dominant facial features in all individuals that are part of the group.

A race is a subdivision that is made within a species and that serves to clearly identify the groups that clearly differ from the rest by having a series of characteristics. Unlike ethnicity, which serves to speak only of human groups, race is used in all species of animal origin, including ours.
Individuals belonging to the same ethnic group share a common ancestry . In general, they feel a union with the rest that are part of it that leads them to unite with each other to live either in the same territory where the ethnic group has the power of hegemony, as in those places where they are a minority. For example, the Spanish who went into exile to various countries during the civil war, formed Hispanic communities in these, to reinforce their identity and feel less alone .
It is necessary to add that there is a strong controversy around the concept of race. Some scientists say that this concept should not be used to talk about human beings since the genetic differences that exist between them are minimal . This current of thought tries to fight against that racist conception that revolves around the term and that leads to its misuse.
Finally, it should be mentioned that a species is made up of the set of individuals that are part of the same group because they have genetic similarities, but that among themselves may present biological or ethnic differences, in the case of humans.

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