What is equine?

What Does equine Mean

The Latin word equīnus came to Castilian as equine . This term can be used as an adjective to refer to everything related to the horse and as a noun to refer specifically to an animal that belongs to the so-called equine species (which includes the horse).

The horses or equine part of the set of Perissodactyla , copies are bulky, have an odd number of fingers -being the middle finger has the greatest present development- and hooves on completion of its ends. What characterizes equines, and differentiates them from the rest of the perissodactyls, is that each limb ends in a single finger .
Horses are the best known equines.
Equine types
Currently only one genus of equine survives, called Equus , which emerged in the Quaternary period about 2.59 million years ago . But a long time ago there were other extinct genera, which are now known thanks to the finding of fossils in different places.

Various species of horses , zebras and donkeys ( donkeys ) are the current exponents of the genus Equus and, therefore, of equines in general. While zebras live in the wild, donkeys and horses were domesticated by humans, although some undomesticated species persist.
Beyond their differences, all equines share characteristics, such as having elongated legs that end in a single hoof- covered toe (a large nail). They also have a slim body.
The best known equine is the horse . It is a long-necked herbivorous animal with manes (bristles) in its posterior area.
The female horse is called a mare . The young, meanwhile, are called fillies or fillies (when they are female ) and foals or foals ( males ).
Among equines, zebras stand out for their stripes.
The domestication of this equine took place around the year 3600 BC on the Asian continent. The man uses the horse as a pack animal or means of transport and in different sports activities (horse riding, racing or turf, etc.). Even in many countries its meat is consumed .

It is possible to recognize many breeds of horse , such as the Arabian horse , the Andalusian , the Breton , the Creole , the Friesian and the Peruvian Paso . According to the layer (the colored of the coat), on the other hand, you can distinguish between red horses , zainos and blackbirds , among many others.
Donkeys and zebras, other kinds of equine
The donkey or donkey is an equine less strong and fast than the horse and generally smaller, but more resistant and long-lived. Its use as a pack animal is frequent in rural areas, although in recent decades they have been replaced by machines .
The zebra is distinguished by its white stripes on a black background. Unlike horses and donkeys, it has not been successfully domesticated .
It should be noted that there are several equine hybrids . In this sense we can name the mule ( a cross between a donkey and a mare), the burdégano (horse and donkey), the cebrallo (zebra and horse) and cebrasno (donkey and zebra).

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