What is endoparasite?

What Does endoparasite Mean

An endoparasite is a parasite that resides inside a plant or an animal . A parasite, meanwhile, is an organism whose subsistence is possible from the resources of a specimen of another species, on which it feeds without actually losing its life.

Endoparasites thus live within their host . It should be noted that the living being whose body is used by the parasite to lodge is called a host.
According to how they settle in the host, endoparasites are classified differently. The intracellular endoparasites develop their life cycle or part thereof inside a cell , while the extracellular endoparasites are installed on the outside of cells.

Endoparasites often affect pets . In this case, they are protozoa and worms that usually live in the lungs, heart or intestine of pets, such as cats or dogs.
These endoparasites can cause anything from minor injury to fatal disease . In addition, on certain occasions, they can be transmitted to people, generating disorders of different kinds.
If dogs or cats are vomiting or diarrhea, or are listless, they may be infected with endoparasites. Treatment may include topical or orally administered antiparasitic medications.
The human being , on the other hand, can suffer from an infestation of endoparasites (note that in our case we do not speak of "infection"). Some of the parasites of the genus Plasmodium , for example, cause malaria ( malaria ), a disease that kills thousands of children and adults each year.
Although the name in this case may be a bit confusing, the type of organism that develops totally or partially inside a person is known as a human endoparasite . It should be noted that it can be both unicellular and multicellular.
One of the classes of human endoparasites is the protozoan , a unicellular organism whose life cycle is complex and may require more than one host to reach its full development . In general, it is the insects that are responsible for transmitting the protozoa between the different hosts.
In addition to the Plasmodium , mentioned above, the following are some of the most common protozoa within human endoparasites:
* Entamoeba : they are generally located in the intestines, with the exception of gingivitis , which occurs in the mouth;

* Giardia : they also lodge in the intestines, and cause the so-called giardiasis diarrhea;
* Trypanosoma brucei : by means of the tsetse fly, they are those that cause the sleeping sickness whose scientific name is African Trypanosomiasis ;
* Toxoplasma gondii : they cause the disease toxoplasmosis, which if it affects a fetus can lead to a highly serious case;
* Acanthamoeba : of the disorders that can cause amoebic keratitis and encephalitis stand out;
* Leishmania : they are the endoparasites that are behind the terrible disease called leishmaniasis or leishmaniasis . In this case, the infestation depends on the action of a mosquito, either Lutzomyia or Phlebotomus , on the American continent or in Africa and Eurasia, respectively.
The other type of human endoparasites is called helminths , and it is distinguished by the lack of a skeleton and its elongated body. It is divided into two groups: nematodes and trematodes .
Some common nematodes are:
* Dracunculus medinensis : can be found in subcutaneous tissues and muscles;
* Ascaris lumbricoides: el más grande nematodo que puede alojarse en nuestra especie.
De los trematodos, podemos destacar:
* Schistosoma: provocan la enfermedad llamada esquistosomiasis, la más común en las regiones tropicales después de la malaria;
* Gnathostoma: causan la gnatostomiasis, enfermedad que por lo general adquirimos al comer pescado poco cocido o crudo.

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